Kactl Save

KTH Algorithm Competition Template Library (... eller KTHs AC-tillverkande lapp)

Project README


This repo hosts KACTL, KTH's ICPC team reference document. It consists of 25 pages of copy-pasteable C++ code, for use in ICPC-style programming competitions.

See kactl.pdf for the final, browsable version, and content/ for raw source code.


KACTL algorithms should be: useful, short, fast enough, well tested, and if relevant, readable and easy to modify. They should not be overly generic, since code is manually typed and that just adds overhead. Due to space issues, we also exclude algorithms that are very common/simple (e.g., Dijkstra), or very uncommon (general weighted matching).

If you feel that something is missing, could be cleaned up, or notice a bug, please file an issue or send a pull request!

Customizing KACTL

While KACTL is usable as is, it's also easy to modify if you want to create a personalized copy. In particular, you may want to change the cover page, or make your own choice of algorithms to include -- due to space concerns, not all algorithms in the repo are included in the pdf. You may also want to enable colored syntax highlighting.

content/kactl.tex is the main file of KACTL, and can be edited to change team name, logo, syntax highlighting, etc. It imports chapter.tex files from each of the content/ subdirectories, which define the contents of each chapter. These include source code, text and math in the form of LaTeX. To add/remove code from a chapter, add/remove a corresponding \kactlimport line from the chapter.tex file. For nicer alignment you might want to insert \hardcolumnbreak, \columnbreak or \newpage commands, though this is usually only done before important contests, and not on the main branch. The algorithms that are not included in the pdf are left commented out in chapter.tex.

To build KACTL, type make kactl (or make fast) on a *nix machine -- this will update kactl.pdf. (Windows might work as well, but is not tested.) doc/README has a few more notes about this.


  1. Check out what's excluded by default by running make showexcluded. The default configuration is chosen to be a reasonable balance for beginners and advanced teams.
  2. Take advantage of the hashing when typing in these algorithms. Each algorithm has a 6 character MD5 hash in the upper right. This hash can be generated by using hash.sh or the :Hash command from the .vimrc. The hashing ignores whitespace and comments.

Coding style

KACTL uses a relatively terse coding style, with a handful of macros/typedefs defined in the template that help shorten the code. Line width is 63 chars, with tabs for indentation (tab = 2 spaces in the pdf).

Each algorithm contains a header with the author of the code, the date it was added, a description of the algorithm, its testing status, and preferably also source, license and time complexity.

kactl.pdf is to be kept to 25 pages + cover page. Occasionally the generated kactl.pdf is committed to the repo for convenience, but not too often because it makes git operations slower.


KACTL aims for a high level of confidence in algorithm correctness. Testing is done both on online judges and (for newer algorithms) with stress tests that compare output to a more naive algorithm for a large amount of randomly generated cases. These tests live in the stress-tests directory, and are run with CI on every commit. The CI also verifies that all headers compile (except for an exclude list in docs/scripts/skip_headers) and that the latex compiles.

old-unit-tests contains a couple of broken unit tests, last touched about ten years ago.


As usual for competitive programming, the licensing situation is a bit unclear. Many source files are marked with license (we try to go with CC0), but many also aren't. Presumably good will is to be assumed from other authors, though, and in many cases permission should not be needed since the code is not distributed. To help trace things back, sources and authors are noted in source files.

Everything in stress-tests is implicitly CC0, except reference implementations taken from around the Internet.

Open Source Agenda is not affiliated with "Kactl" Project. README Source: kth-competitive-programming/kactl
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