Ydls Save

youtube-dl HTTP download and transcode service

Project README

youtube-dl HTTP service

HTTP service for yt-dlp that downloads media from requested URL and streams, transmux and transcode to requested format if needed.

It can be used to convert media, create podcasts and audio only versions of media from various site like youtube, vimeo etc.

Docker image uses ffmpeg from wader/static-ffmpeg which can handle most format and codecs. Default configuration can transcode to these format, container and codecs:

Format Container Audio Video Subtitle
alac mp4 alac
flac flac flac
gif gif gif
m4a mp4 aac
mp3 mp3 mp3
ogg ogg vorbis, opus
wav wav pcm_s16le
mkv matroska aac, flac, alac, ac3, mp3, vorbis, opus h264, hevc, vp8, vp9, theora, av1 subrip, ass
mp4 mp4 aac, mp3, vorbis, flac, alac h264, hevc, av1 mov_text
mxf mxf pcm_s16le mpeg2video
ts mpegts aac, mp3, ac3 h264, hevc
webm webm vorbis, opus vp8, vp9, av1 webvtt
rss mp3 mp3

The rss format transforms a playlist into a RSS audio podcast.

See ydls.json for more details.

Usage

Run with docker

Pull mwader/ydls or build image using the Dockerfile. Run a container and publish TCP port 8080 somehow.

docker run -p 8080:8080 mwader/ydls

Build and install yourself

Run go get github.com/wader/ydls/cmd/ydls to install ydls. Make sure you have ffmpeg, yt-dlp, rtmpdump and mplayer installed and in PATH.

Copy and edit ydls.json to match your ffmpeg builds supported formats and codecs.

Start with ydls -server -config /path/to/ydls.json and it default will listen on port 8080.

Endpoints

Download and make sure media is in specified format:
GET /<format>[+option+option...]/<URL-not-encoded>
GET /?format=<format>&url=<URL>[&codec=...&codec=...&retranscode=...]

Download in best format:
GET /<URL-not-encoded>
GET /?url=<URL-encoded>

Parameters

format - Format name. See table above and ydls.json
URL - Any URL that yt-dlp can handle
URL-not-encoded - Non-URL-encoded URL. The idea is to be able to simply prepend the download URL with the ydls URL by hand without doing any encoding (for example in the browser location bar)
codec - Codec to use instead of default for format (can be specified one or two times for audio and video codec)
retranscode - Retranscode even if input codec is same as output
time - Only download specificed time range. Ex: 30s, 20m30s, 1h20s30s will limit duration. 10s-30s will seek 10 seconds and stop at 30 seconds (20 second output duration)
items - If playlist only include this many items

option - Codec name, time range, retranscode or <N>items

Examples

Download and make sure media is in mp3 format:
http://ydls/mp3/https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cF1zJYkBW4A

Download using query parameters and make sure media is in mp3 format:
http://ydls/?format=mp3&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fwatch%3Fv%3DcF1zJYkBW4A

Download and make sure media is in webm format:
http://ydls/webm/https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cF1zJYkBW4A

Download and make sure media is in mkv format using mp3 and h264 codecs:
http://ydls/mkv+mp3+h264/https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cF1zJYkBW4A

Download and retranscode to mp3 even if input is already mp3:
http://ydls/mp3+retranscode/https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cF1zJYkBW4A

Download specified time range in mp3:
http://ydls/mp3+10s-30s/https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cF1zJYkBW4A

Download in best format:
http://ydls/https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cF1zJYkBW4A

Playlist as audio podcast with 3 latest items:
http://ydls/rss+3items/https://www.youtube.com/watch?list=PLtLJO5JKE5YCYgIdpJPxNzWxpMuUWgbVi

Tricks and known issues

For some formats the transcoded file might have zero length or duration as transcoding is done while streaming. This is usually not a problem for most players.

Download with curl and save to filename provided by response header:

curl -OJ http://ydls-host/mp3/https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cF1zJYkBW4A

Docker image can download from command line. This will download in mp3 format to current directory:

docker run --rm -v "$PWD:$PWD" -w "$PWD" mwader/ydls https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cF1zJYkBW4A mp3

yt-dlp URL can point to a plain media file.

If you run the service using some cloud services you might run into geo-restriction issues with some sites like youtube.

Development

When fiddling with ffmpeg and yt-dlp related code I usually do this:

docker build --target ydls-dev -t ydls-dev . && docker run --rm -ti -v "$PWD:/$PWD" -w "$PWD" ydls-dev

Then inside dev container:

# run cli version
go run cmd/ydls/main.go -config ./ydls.json -debug
# run all tests
CONFIG="$PWD/ydls.json" TEST_EXTERNAL=1 go test -v -cover -race ./...

TODO

  • Optional stream for format? example mp4 at least video or audio?
  • Download playlist as zip archive.
  • JSON output?
  • Refactor messy downloadFormat function. Maybe a media interface with audio, video and subtitle implementations that select best format and return reader and mappings? should share a common format picker so formats can be shared and not re-downloaded.
  • Make download part into an interface to support more than yt-dlp.
  • Bitrate factor per codec when sorting formats (prefer aac over mp3 at same bitrate etc)
  • X-Remote IP header?

License

ydls is licensed under the MIT license. See LICENSE for the full license text.

Open Source Agenda is not affiliated with "Ydls" Project. README Source: wader/ydls
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