Waiting Save

Python utility library for waiting for predicates

Project README


waiting is a small library for waiting for stuff to happen. It basically waits for a function to return True, in various modes.

Waiting is compatible with flux <http://flux.readthedocs.org>_ for simulated timelines.


The most basic usage is when you have a function you want to wait for::

predicate = lambda : True

Waiting forever is very simple::

from waiting import wait, TimeoutExpired wait(predicate) True

If your predicate returns a value, it will be returned as the result of wait()::

result = object() wait(lambda: result) is result True

A timeout parameter can also be specified::

wait(predicate, timeout_seconds=10.5) True

When a timeout expires without the predicate being fulfilled, an exception is thrown::

try: ... wait(lambda : False, timeout_seconds=0) ... except TimeoutExpired: ... # expired! ... pass ... else: ... assert False

Sleeping polls the predicate at a certain interval (by default 1 second). The interval can be changed with the sleep_seconds argument::

wait(predicate, sleep_seconds=20) True

When waiting for multiple predicates, waiting provides two simple facilities to help aggregate them: ANY and ALL. They resemble Python's built-in any() and all(), except that they don't call a predicate once it has been satisfied (this is useful when the predicates are inefficient and take time to complete)::

from waiting import wait, ANY, ALL wait(ANY([predicate, predicate])) True wait(ALL([predicate, predicate])) True

TimeoutExpired exceptions, by default, don't tell you much about what didn't happen that you were expecting. To fix that, use the waiting_for argument::

try: ... wait(lambda : False, timeout_seconds=0, waiting_for="something that will never happen") #doctest: +ELLIPSIS ... except TimeoutExpired as e: ... print(e) Timeout of 0 seconds expired waiting for something that will never happen

Exponential backoff is supported for the sleep interval::

from waiting import wait wait(predicate, sleep_seconds=(1, 100)) # sleep 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 100, 100, .... True wait(predicate, sleep_seconds=(1, 100, 3)) # sleep 1, 3, 9, 27, 81, 100, 100, 100 .... True wait(predicate, sleep_seconds=(1, None)) # sleep 1, 2, 4, 6, .... (infinity) True wait(predicate, sleep_seconds=(1, None, 4)) # sleep 1, 4, 16, 64, ... (infinity) True

If your predicate might raise certain exceptions you wish to ignore, you may use expected_exceptions to ignore them::

from waiting import wait wait(predicate, expected_exceptions=ValueError) True wait(predicate, expected_exceptions=(ValueError, AttributeError)) True

If you'd like to maintain updates while waiting for a predicate to complete, you may use on_poll to pass a function to perform some behavior after every sleep. By default, this is a no-op.

import logging from waiting import wait try: ... wait(lambda: False, timeout_seconds=5, # Timeout after 5 seconds ... on_poll=lambda: logging.warning("Waiting...")) # Log "Waiting..." six times. ... except TimeoutExpired: ... pass ... else: ... assert False

Open Source Agenda is not affiliated with "Waiting" Project. README Source: vmalloc/waiting
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