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Open source eye tracking

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Pupil Labs - Pupil Core software: open source eye tracking platform.

Open source eye tracking platform.

Pupil is a project in active, community driven development. Pupil Core mobile eye tracking hardware is accessible, hackable, and affordable. The software is open source and written in Python and C++ when speed is an issue.

Our vision is to create tools for a diverse group of people interested in learning about eye tracking and conducting their eye tracking projects.

Chat with us on Discord.


Download the latest Pupil Core Apps: Pupil Capture, Pupil Player, Pupil Service

You don't need to know how to write code to use Pupil. Download the latest apps!

Read the Pupil Core user guide.


There are a number of ways you can interact with Pupil Core software as a developer:

  • Use the API: Use the network based real-time API to communicate with Pupil over the network and integrate with your application.
  • Develop a Plugin: Plugins are loaded at runtime from the app bundle. Note: if your plugin requires Python libraries that are not included in the application bundle, then you will need to run from source.
  • Run from Source: Can't do what you need to do with the network based api or plugin? Then get ready to dive into the inner workings of Pupil and run from source!

All setup and dependency installation instructions are contained in this repo. All other developer documentation is here.

Installing Dependencies and Code

To run the source code, you will need Python 3.7 or newer! We target Python 3.11 in our newer bundles and we recommend you to do the same.

Note: It is recommended to install the requirements into a virtual environment.

Note: On arm64 macs (e.g. M1 MacBook Air), use the python3.*-intel64 binary to create the virtual environment. We do not yet provide arm64-native wheels for the Pupil Core dependencies.

git clone https://github.com/pupil-labs/pupil.git
cd pupil
git checkout develop
python -m pip install -r requirements.txt

If you have trouble installing any of the dependencies, please see the corresponding code repository for manual installation steps and troubleshooting.


USB Access

To grant Pupil Core applications access to the cameras, run

echo 'SUBSYSTEM=="usb",  ENV{DEVTYPE}=="usb_device", GROUP="plugdev", MODE="0664"' | sudo tee /etc/udev/rules.d/10-libuvc.rules > /dev/null
sudo udevadm trigger

and ensure that your user is part of the plugdev group:

sudo usermod -a -G plugdev $USER
Audio Playback

The sounddevice package depends on the libportaudio2 library:

sudo apt install libportaudio2

Run Pupil

cd pupil_src
python main.py capture # or player/service

macOS 12 Monterey and newer

Note: Due to technical limitations on macOS 12 Monterey and newer, Pupil Capture and Pupil Service need to be started with administrator privileges to get access to the video camera feeds. To do that, prepend the python command with sudo. E.g.,:

sudo python main.py capture

Command Line Arguments

The following arguments are supported:

Flag Description
-h, --help Show help message and exit.
--version Show version and exit.
--debug Display debug log messages.
--profile Profile the app's CPU time.
-P PORT, --port PORT (Capture/Service) Port for Pupil Remote.
--hide-ui (Capture/Service) Hide UI on startup.
<recording> (Player) Path to recording.


All source code written by Pupil Labs is open for use in compliance with the GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL v3.0). We want you to change and improve the code -- make a fork! Make sure to share your work with the community!

Open Source Agenda is not affiliated with "Pupil" Project. README Source: pupil-labs/pupil
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