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Docker Apache Airflow

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This repository contains Dockerfile of apache-airflow for Docker's automated build published to the public Docker Hub Registry.



Pull the image from the Docker repository.

docker pull puckel/docker-airflow


Optionally install Extra Airflow Packages and/or python dependencies at build time :

docker build --rm --build-arg AIRFLOW_DEPS="datadog,dask" -t puckel/docker-airflow .
docker build --rm --build-arg PYTHON_DEPS="flask_oauthlib>=0.9" -t puckel/docker-airflow .

or combined

docker build --rm --build-arg AIRFLOW_DEPS="datadog,dask" --build-arg PYTHON_DEPS="flask_oauthlib>=0.9" -t puckel/docker-airflow .

Don't forget to update the airflow images in the docker-compose files to puckel/docker-airflow:latest.


By default, docker-airflow runs Airflow with SequentialExecutor :

docker run -d -p 8080:8080 puckel/docker-airflow webserver

If you want to run another executor, use the other docker-compose.yml files provided in this repository.

For LocalExecutor :

docker-compose -f docker-compose-LocalExecutor.yml up -d

For CeleryExecutor :

docker-compose -f docker-compose-CeleryExecutor.yml up -d

NB : If you want to have DAGs example loaded (default=False), you've to set the following environment variable :


docker run -d -p 8080:8080 -e LOAD_EX=y puckel/docker-airflow

If you want to use Ad hoc query, make sure you've configured connections: Go to Admin -> Connections and Edit "postgres_default" set this values (equivalent to values in airflow.cfg/docker-compose*.yml) :

  • Host : postgres
  • Schema : airflow
  • Login : airflow
  • Password : airflow

For encrypted connection passwords (in Local or Celery Executor), you must have the same fernet_key. By default docker-airflow generates the fernet_key at startup, you have to set an environment variable in the docker-compose (ie: docker-compose-LocalExecutor.yml) file to set the same key accross containers. To generate a fernet_key :

docker run puckel/docker-airflow python -c "from cryptography.fernet import Fernet; FERNET_KEY = Fernet.generate_key().decode(); print(FERNET_KEY)"

Configuring Airflow

It's possible to set any configuration value for Airflow from environment variables, which are used over values from the airflow.cfg.

The general rule is the environment variable should be named AIRFLOW__<section>__<key>, for example AIRFLOW__CORE__SQL_ALCHEMY_CONN sets the sql_alchemy_conn config option in the [core] section.

Check out the Airflow documentation for more details

You can also define connections via environment variables by prefixing them with AIRFLOW_CONN_ - for example AIRFLOW_CONN_POSTGRES_MASTER=postgres://user:[email protected]:5432/master for a connection called "postgres_master". The value is parsed as a URI. This will work for hooks etc, but won't show up in the "Ad-hoc Query" section unless an (empty) connection is also created in the DB

Custom Airflow plugins

Airflow allows for custom user-created plugins which are typically found in ${AIRFLOW_HOME}/plugins folder. Documentation on plugins can be found here

In order to incorporate plugins into your docker container

  • Create the plugins folders plugins/ with your custom plugins.
  • Mount the folder as a volume by doing either of the following:
    • Include the folder as a volume in command-line -v $(pwd)/plugins/:/usr/local/airflow/plugins
    • Use docker-compose-LocalExecutor.yml or docker-compose-CeleryExecutor.yml which contains support for adding the plugins folder as a volume

Install custom python package

  • Create a file "requirements.txt" with the desired python modules
  • Mount this file as a volume -v $(pwd)/requirements.txt:/requirements.txt (or add it as a volume in docker-compose file)
  • The script execute the pip install command (with --user option)

Scale the number of workers

Easy scaling using docker-compose:

docker-compose -f docker-compose-CeleryExecutor.yml scale worker=5

This can be used to scale to a multi node setup using docker swarm.

Running other airflow commands

If you want to run other airflow sub-commands, such as list_dags or clear you can do so like this:

docker run --rm -ti puckel/docker-airflow airflow list_dags

or with your docker-compose set up like this:

docker-compose -f docker-compose-CeleryExecutor.yml run --rm webserver airflow list_dags

You can also use this to run a bash shell or any other command in the same environment that airflow would be run in:

docker run --rm -ti puckel/docker-airflow bash
docker run --rm -ti puckel/docker-airflow ipython

Simplified SQL database configuration using PostgreSQL

If the executor type is set to anything else than SequentialExecutor you'll need an SQL database. Here is a list of PostgreSQL configuration variables and their default values. They're used to compute the AIRFLOW__CORE__SQL_ALCHEMY_CONN and AIRFLOW__CELERY__RESULT_BACKEND variables when needed for you if you don't provide them explicitly:

Variable Default value Role
POSTGRES_HOST postgres Database server host
POSTGRES_PORT 5432 Database server port
POSTGRES_USER airflow Database user
POSTGRES_PASSWORD airflow Database password
POSTGRES_DB airflow Database name
POSTGRES_EXTRAS empty Extras parameters

You can also use those variables to adapt your compose file to match an existing PostgreSQL instance managed elsewhere.

Please refer to the Airflow documentation to understand the use of extras parameters, for example in order to configure a connection that uses TLS encryption.

Here's an important thing to consider:

When specifying the connection as URI (in AIRFLOW_CONN_* variable) you should specify it following the standard syntax of DB connections, where extras are passed as parameters of the URI (note that all components of the URI should be URL-encoded).

Therefore you must provide extras parameters URL-encoded, starting with a leading ?. For example:


Simplified Celery broker configuration using Redis

If the executor type is set to CeleryExecutor you'll need a Celery broker. Here is a list of Redis configuration variables and their default values. They're used to compute the AIRFLOW__CELERY__BROKER_URL variable for you if you don't provide it explicitly:

Variable Default value Role
REDIS_PROTO redis:// Protocol
REDIS_HOST redis Redis server host
REDIS_PORT 6379 Redis server port
REDIS_PASSWORD empty If Redis is password protected
REDIS_DBNUM 1 Database number

You can also use those variables to adapt your compose file to match an existing Redis instance managed elsewhere.

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Open Source Agenda is not affiliated with "Docker Airflow" Project. README Source: puckel/docker-airflow
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