This is my PyTorch implementation of CapsNet in Hinton's paper Dynamic Routing Between Capsules. I try to implement in a style that helps newcomers understand the architecture of CapsNet and the idea of Capsules. Therefore I am not going to wrap the codes into capsule layer APIs, and I more oftenly declare constants rather than passing parameters to functions, neither are the codes optimized for speed. The classes and functions are supplemented with detailed comments. To read and understand the codes, simply start from the comments in
main.py and follow the order list at the head of the file.
The figure below clearly illustrates the core idea of capsules:
As I am busy these days, I might not have time to checkout and fix every issue. But contributions are highly welcomed. If you find any bugs or errors in the codes, please do not hesitate to open an issue or a pull request.
All codes are tested under Python 3.6.
After cloning the repository, simply run the command:
The codes will automatically download the MNIST dataset (if not exist) into
./data and start traing and testing. Tensorboard logs are automatically saved in
./runs, and model checkpoints are saved in
./ckpt by default.
Default parameters are defined in
utils.py, which are listed below and can be changed by passing arguments. (e.g.
python main.py -batch_size 128 -epochs 30)
-batch_size 64 # Data batch size for training and testing -lr 1e-3 # Learning rate -epochs 10 # Train epochs -r 3 # Number of iterations of for Dynamic Routing -use_cuda True # Use GPU -print_every 10 # Interval of batches to print out losses
Based on my own experiments, one train epoch takes about 6 minutes on a GTX 1080Ti with default settings. (I set 10 epochs as default just for showcasing, you should try 30 or more.)
I have not fine tuned the parameters, results below are obtained with the default configurations in the codes. You can find this Tensorboard log in
./runs/sample/. Please do make a pull request if you find out the best parameters :)
 Sabour, Sara, Nicholas Frosst, and Geoffrey E. Hinton. "Dynamic Routing Between Capsules." arXiv preprint arXiv:1710.09829 (2017).