Canoe Save

Functional Telegram Bot API for Scala

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canoe is a purely functional, compositional library for building interactive Telegram bots. It provides functional streaming interface over Telegram Bot API with built-in abstractions for describing your chatbot behavior.

Getting started

sbt dependency:

libraryDependencies += "org.augustjune" %% "canoe" % "<version>"

You can find the latest version in releases tab or by clicking on the maven-central badge. The library is available for Scala 2.12, 2.13, Scala 3 and Scala.js.


import canoe.api._
import canoe.syntax._

The problem

Building interactive chatbots requires maintaining the state of each conversation, with possible interaction across them and/or using shared resources. The complexity of this task grows rapidly with the advancement of the bot. canoe solves this problem by decomposing behavior of the bot into a set of scenarios which the chatbot will follow.

Basic example

Here's a quick example of how the definition of simple bot behavior looks like in canoe. More samples can be found here.

import canoe.api._
import canoe.syntax._
import cats.effect.Async
import fs2.Stream

def app[F[_]: Async]: F[Unit] =
    .flatMap(implicit client => Bot.polling[F].follow(greetings))

def greetings[F[_]: TelegramClient]: Scenario[F, Unit] =
    for {
      chat <- Scenario.expect(command("hi").chat)
      _    <- Scenario.eval(chat.send("Hello. What's your name?"))
      name <- Scenario.expect(text)
      _    <- Scenario.eval(chat.send(s"Nice to meet you, $name"))
    } yield ()

Scenarios are executed concurrently in a non-blocking fashion, allowing to handle multiple users at the same time. In fact, even the same scenario can be triggered multiple times before the previous execution is completed. This can be extremely useful when you allow users to schedule long-running jobs and don't want to make them wait before they can schedule the new ones. As example may serve a simple alarm clock implementation.

Telegram Bot API methods

Low level abstractions are available through standalone Telegram Bot API methods from canoe.methods package. Having instance of TelegramClient in implicit scope, you can use call method on constructed action in order to execute it in effect F.

def sendText[F[_]: TelegramClient](chatId: Long, text: String): F[TextMessage] =
  SendMessage(chatId, text).call

As an alternative, all the methods from Telegram Bot API are available from corresponding models,, message.editText("edited").

Webhook support

canoe also provides support for obtaining messages from Telegram by setting a webhook. Full example may be found here.

Handling errors

There's a lot of things that may go wrong during your scenarios executions, from user input to the network issues. For this reason, Scenario forms a MonadError for any F. It means that you can use built-in handleErrorWith and attempt methods, in order to react to the raised error or ensure that bot workflow won't break. Full example may be found here.


If you're interested in the project PRs are very welcomed. In case it's a feature you'd like to introduce, it is recommended to discuss it first by raising an issue or simply using gitter.

Open Source Agenda is not affiliated with "Canoe" Project. README Source: augustjune/canoe
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