Wires Save

Light binding library for Xamarin

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Wires is a simple binding library for frameworks that doesn't have built-in mecanisms. Many choices have been made to have a restrictive base API. A wide set of extensions are also packaged for Xamarin.iOS and Xamarin.Android.

Why ?

Several other solutions exist, but I've experienced a lot of memory issues with these : that's why I've decided to initiate my own binding library.

Install

Available on NuGet.

Quickstart

iOS

To bind data to components with extensions, simply use those fluent APIs :

this.ViewModel
		    .Bind(this.label)
		    	.Text(vm => vm.Title, Converters.Uppercase)
			.Bind(this.field)
		    	.Text(vm => vm.Title)
			.Bind(this.image)
		    	.ImageAsync(vm => vm.Illustration)
		    	.Alpha(vm => vm.Amount)
		    	.Visible(vm => vm.IsActive)
			.Bind(this.toggleSwitch)
		    	.On(vm => vm.IsActive)
			.Bind(this.slider)
		    	.Value(vm => vm.Amount)
			.Bind(this.datePicker)
		    	.Date(vm => vm.Birthday)
			.Bind(this.progressView)
		    	.Progress(vm => vm.Amount)
			.Bind(this.activityIndicator)
		    	.IsAnimating(vm => vm.IsLoading)
			.Bind(this.segmented)
		    	.Titles(vm => vm.Sections)
			.Bind(this.button)
		    	.TouchUpInside(vm => vm.LoadCommand);

Value converters can also be used with an IConverter<TSource,TTarget> implementation, or a lambda expression :

this.ViewModel
		.Bind(this.label)
			.TextColor(vm => vm.IsValid, new RelayConverter<bool,UIColor>(x => x ? UIColor.Green : UIColor.Red));

Bindings

Build-in extensions

iOS

  • UIView
    • Visible bool
    • Hidden bool
    • TintColor UIColor
    • BackgroundColor UIColor
    • Alpha nfloat
  • UIActivityIndicator
    • IsAnimating bool
  • UIButton
    • TouchUpInside ICommand
    • Title string
    • Image UIImage
  • UIDatePicker
    • Date DateTime
  • UIProgressView
    • Progress double
    • ProgressTintColor UIColor
    • TrackTintColor UIColor
  • UIImageView
    • Image UIImage
    • ImageAsync UIImage
  • UILabel
    • Text string
    • TextColor UIColor
  • UISegmentedControl
    • Titles string[]
    • Selected int
  • UISlider
    • Value float
    • MaxValue float
    • MinValue float
  • UIStepper
    • Value double
    • MaximumValue double
    • MinimumValue double
  • UISwitch
    • On bool
  • UITextField
    • Text string
  • UIViewController
    • Title string
    • BackTitle string
  • UIWebView / WKWebView
    • HtmlContent string

Basic APIs

Wires provides more basic APIs on which are based all the extensions.

this.ViewModel.Bind(custom).Property(vm => vm.Source, x => x.Target);
this.ViewModel.Bind(custom).Property<TSourceType, TTargetType, EventArgs>(vm => vm.Source, x => x.Value, nameof(Custom.ValueChanged));

You also observe a property with ObserveProperty : the given action will be invoked and again each time the property changes.

this.ViewModel.Bind(this.label).ObserveProperty(vm => vm.Title, (vm,label,title) => { label.Text = title; });

If you wish to bind a sub-property, use the SubBind.

this.ViewModel.Bind(this.label)
			     .Text(vm => vm.Title)
			     .SubBind(vm => vm.ExecuteCommand, sub => sub.Visible(c => c.IsExecuting);

For more advanced options see Binder<TSource,TTarget> APIs, or simply take a look at provided extensions to create your own ones.

Built-in converters

Wires relies on Transmute converters for converting values beetween sources and targets.

Built-in sources

Wires provides also common helpers for binding simple collection sources to UITableView(iOS), UICollectionView(iOS) and RecycleView(Android).

You can first describe your CollectionSource<TViewModel> from your shared code.

var collection = new CollectionSource<RedditViewModel>(this);
collection.WithSections<TSection,TItem>("cell", "header", vm => vm.Items, (item) => item.Status, null);
var collection = new CollectionSource<RedditViewModel>(this)
collection.WithSection()
			  .WithHeader("header", vm => "Section 1")
			  .WithCells("cell", vm => vm.Items1 );
		    .WithSection()
			  .WithHeader("header", vm => "Section 2")
			  .WithCell("cell", vm => vm.Item21 )
			  .WithCell("cell", vm => vm.Item22 )
			  .WithCells("cell", vm => vm.Items23to26 )
			  .WithCell("cell", vm => vm.Item27 )
			  .WithFooter("footer", vm => "End");

And then bind it like any other property with the view extensions on iOS.

this.ViewModel
			.Bind(this.tableView)
				.Source(vm => vm.Items, (vm,v,c) =>
					{
						c.RegisterCellView<PostTableCell>("cell", 44);
						c.RegisterHeaderView<PostTableHeader>("header", 88);
					});

Its the same for Android!

this.ViewModel
			.Bind(this.recyclerview)
				.Source(vm => vm.Items, (vm,v,c) =>
					{
						c.RegisterCellView<PostCellViewHolder>("cell", 44);
						c.RegisterHeaderView<PostHeaderViewHolder>("header", 88);
					});

Be sure that your UITableViewCell and RecyclerView.ViewHolder are implementing Wires.IView and update the view on ViewModel setter view. Your RecyclerView.ViewHolder should also have only one constructor with a ViewGroup as only input parameter.

Take a look at samples to see it in action.

Unbinding

In most cases, you don't have to worry about unbinding because Wires purges all bindings regulary if sources of targets have been garbage collected.

But if you reuse a view, and want to update bindings you have to remove the previous bindings before. It is a common with recycling collection patterns (UITableViews, UICollectionViews, Adapters).

This is available through Unbind(this TSsource, params object[] targets) extension.

this.viewmodel.Unbind(label, this.image, this.title);

You can also use Rebind method to unbind just before binding.

this.ViewModel.Rebind(this.label).Text(v => v.Title);

WeakEventHandlers

If you want to observe an event without keeping a strong reference to your subscriber, use a WeakEventHandler instead. You don't have to worry about unscription anymore in most cases!

public override void ViewDidLoad()
{
	base.ViewDidLoad();
	this.ViewModel = new RedditViewModel();
	this.ViewModel.AddWeakHandler<PropertyChangedEventArgs>(nameof(INotifyPropertyChanged.PropertyChanged), this.OnViewModelPropertyChanged);
}

private void OnViewModelPropertyChanged(object sender, PropertyChangedEventArgs args)
{
	if(args == nameof(this.ViewModel.Title)
	{
	  // ...
	}
}

Roadmap / Ideas

  • Improve architecture
  • Improve tests
  • Android extensions
  • Dynamic sources with collection changes
  • Cleaner code
  • More documentation
  • Trottling functiunalities
  • Command parameters

Contributions

Contributions are welcome! If you find a bug please report it and if you want a feature please report it.

If you want to contribute code please file an issue and create a branch off of the current dev branch and file a pull request.

License

MIT © Aloïs Deniel

Open Source Agenda is not affiliated with "Wires" Project. README Source: dotnet-ad/Wires
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