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Python 2.7 bytecode d̶e̶o̶b̶f̶u̶s̶c̶a̶t̶o̶r unfucker

Project README


Have fucked Python 2.7 bytecode? Let's unfuck it.


unfuck is a utility and library for deobfuscating obfuscated Python 2.7 bytecode. It is essentially a reimplementation of the Python VM with taint tracking. Some of the things unfuck can do:

  1. Remove opaque predicates
  2. Dead code elimination
  3. Restore some lost function names
  4. Cleanup obfuscated variable names

#1 and #2 are the two biggest items that Python decompilers trip over when attempting to reconstruct original Python source code.

unfuck basically makes your bytecode go from this to this:

Obfuscated code Deobfuscated code

Or from this to this:

Obfuscated vs deobfuscated code hex dump

Yes, these are real-world examples.

Useful Wiki Resources


unfuck can either be used as a library or a command-line utility.

unfuck 0.2.0

    unfuck [FLAGS] [OPTIONS] <input-obfuscated-file> <output-path> [graphs-dir] [SUBCOMMAND]

        --dry        Dry run only -- do not write any files
    -g               Enable outputting code graphs to dot format
    -h, --help       Prints help information
    -q               Disable all logging
    -V, --version    Prints version information
    -v               Enable verbose logging

        --decompiler <decompiler>    Your favorite Python 2.7 bytecode decompiler. This program assumes the decompiler's
                                     first positional argument is the file to decompile, and it prints the decompiled
                                     output to stdout [env: UNFUCK_DECOMPILER=]  [default: uncompyle6]

    <input-obfuscated-file>    Input obfuscated file
    <output-path>              Output file name or directory name. If this path is a directory, a file will be
                               created with the same name as the input. When the `strings-only` subcommand is
                               applied, this will be where the output strings file is placed
    <graphs-dir>               An optional directory for graphs to be written to [default: .]

    help            Prints this message or the help of the given subcommand(s)

To unfuck a single file:

# deobfuscated.pyc can also be a directory
unfuck obfuscated.pyc deobfuscated.pyc

You can also provide additional flags to dump strings to a file, or dump dot graphs that can be viewed in graphviz:

# -g is for printing graphs
unfuck -g obfuscated.pyc deobfuscated.pyc
# use the strings-only subcommand for dumping just dumping strings -- no deobfuscation is performed
unfuck deobfuscated.pyc ./strings.csv strings-only


unfuck requires Python 2.7 in your system's PATH. After ensuring it's present, you should be able to just cargo build. If for some reason the correct interpreter cannot be found, try setting the PYTHON_SYS_EXECUTABLE env var to your Python 2.7 interpreter path.


cargo install --force unfuck

Library Usage

NOTE: unfuck was not originally designed with library usage in mind, and therefore brings its own multithreading platform (in this case, Rayon).

Usage is fairly straightforward:

use std::convert::TryInto;
use std::fs::File;

let mut pyc_contents = vec![];
let pyc_file = File::open("obfuscated.pyc")?;
pyc_file.read_to_end(&mut pyc_contents)?;

// magic/moddate are specific to the PYC header and are required to be
// a valid PYC file
let magic = u32::from_le_bytes(pyc_contents[0..4].try_into().unwrap());
let moddate = u32::from_le_bytes(pyc_contents[4..8].try_into().unwrap());

let pyc_contents = &pyc_contents[8..];

// Use a standard Python 2.7 opcode table
let deobfuscator = unfuck::Deobfuscator::<pydis::opcode::py27::Standard>::new(pyc_contents);
let deobfuscator = if enable_graphs {
} else {

let deobfuscated_code = deobfuscator.deobfuscate()?;

let mut deobfuscated_file = File::create("deobfuscated.pyc")?;


gabe_k, yrp, lpcvoid, folks from the WD disc, squif, ian, pie doom, saruhan

Open Source Agenda is not affiliated with "Unfuck" Project. README Source: landaire/unfuck
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