Tinydb Save

TinyDB is a lightweight document oriented database optimized for your happiness :)

Project README

.. image:: https://raw.githubusercontent.com/msiemens/tinydb/master/artwork/logo.png :scale: 100% :height: 150px

|Build Status| |Coverage| |Version|

Quick Links

  • Example Code_
  • Supported Python Versions_
  • Documentation <http://tinydb.readthedocs.org/>_
  • Changelog <https://tinydb.readthedocs.io/en/latest/changelog.html>_
  • Extensions <https://tinydb.readthedocs.io/en/latest/extensions.html>_
  • Contributing_


TinyDB is a lightweight document oriented database optimized for your happiness :) It's written in pure Python and has no external dependencies. The target are small apps that would be blown away by a SQL-DB or an external database server.

TinyDB is:

  • tiny: The current source code has 1800 lines of code (with about 40% documentation) and 1600 lines tests.

  • document oriented: Like MongoDB_, you can store any document (represented as dict) in TinyDB.

  • optimized for your happiness: TinyDB is designed to be simple and fun to use by providing a simple and clean API.

  • written in pure Python: TinyDB neither needs an external server (as e.g. PyMongo <https://api.mongodb.org/python/current/>_) nor any dependencies from PyPI.

  • works on Python 3.7+ and PyPy3: TinyDB works on all modern versions of Python and PyPy.

  • powerfully extensible: You can easily extend TinyDB by writing new storages or modify the behaviour of storages with Middlewares.

  • 100% test coverage: No explanation needed.

To dive straight into all the details, head over to the TinyDB docs <https://tinydb.readthedocs.io/>. You can also discuss everything related to TinyDB like general development, extensions or showcase your TinyDB-based projects on the discussion forum <http://forum.m-siemens.de/.>.

Supported Python Versions

TinyDB has been tested with Python 3.7 - 3.11 and PyPy3.

Example Code

.. code-block:: python

>>> from tinydb import TinyDB, Query
>>> db = TinyDB('/path/to/db.json')
>>> db.insert({'int': 1, 'char': 'a'})
>>> db.insert({'int': 1, 'char': 'b'})

Query Language

.. code-block:: python

>>> User = Query()
>>> # Search for a field value
>>> db.search(User.name == 'John')
[{'name': 'John', 'age': 22}, {'name': 'John', 'age': 37}]

>>> # Combine two queries with logical and
>>> db.search((User.name == 'John') & (User.age <= 30))
[{'name': 'John', 'age': 22}]

>>> # Combine two queries with logical or
>>> db.search((User.name == 'John') | (User.name == 'Bob'))
[{'name': 'John', 'age': 22}, {'name': 'John', 'age': 37}, {'name': 'Bob', 'age': 42}]

>>> # Apply transformation to field with `map`
>>> db.search((User.age.map(lambda x: x + x) == 44))
>>> [{'name': 'John', 'age': 22}]

>>> # More possible comparisons:  !=  <  >  <=  >=
>>> # More possible checks: where(...).matches(regex), where(...).test(your_test_func)


.. code-block:: python

>>> table = db.table('name')
>>> table.insert({'value': True})
>>> table.all()
[{'value': True}]

Using Middlewares

.. code-block:: python

>>> from tinydb.storages import JSONStorage
>>> from tinydb.middlewares import CachingMiddleware
>>> db = TinyDB('/path/to/db.json', storage=CachingMiddleware(JSONStorage))


Whether reporting bugs, discussing improvements and new ideas or writing extensions: Contributions to TinyDB are welcome! Here's how to get started:

  1. Check for open issues or open a fresh issue to start a discussion around a feature idea or a bug
  2. Fork the repository <https://github.com/msiemens/tinydb/>_ on Github, create a new branch off the master branch and start making your changes (known as GitHub Flow <https://guides.github.com/introduction/flow/index.html>_)
  3. Write a test which shows that the bug was fixed or that the feature works as expected
  4. Send a pull request and bug the maintainer until it gets merged and published ☺

.. |Build Status| image:: https://img.shields.io/azure-devops/build/msiemens/3e5baa75-12ec-43ac-9728-89823ee8c7e2/2.svg?style=flat-square :target: https://dev.azure.com/msiemens/github/_build?definitionId=2 .. |Coverage| image:: http://img.shields.io/coveralls/msiemens/tinydb.svg?style=flat-square :target: https://coveralls.io/r/msiemens/tinydb .. |Version| image:: http://img.shields.io/pypi/v/tinydb.svg?style=flat-square :target: https://pypi.python.org/pypi/tinydb/ .. _Buzhug: http://buzhug.sourceforge.net/ .. _CodernityDB: https://github.com/perchouli/codernitydb .. _MongoDB: http://mongodb.org/

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