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SQLite JDBC Driver

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SQLite JDBC Driver

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SQLite JDBC is a library for accessing and creating SQLite database files in Java.

Our SQLiteJDBC library requires no configuration since native libraries for major OSs, including Windows, macOS, Linux etc., are assembled into a single JAR (Java Archive) file.

Usage

:arrow_right: More usage examples and configuration are available in USAGE.md

SQLite JDBC is a library for accessing SQLite databases through the JDBC API. For the general usage of JDBC, see JDBC Tutorial or Oracle JDBC Documentation.

  1. Download sqlite-jdbc-(VERSION).jar then append this jar file into your classpath.
  2. Open a SQLite database connection from your code. (see the example below)

Example usage

Assuming sqlite-jdbc-(VERSION).jar is placed in the current directory.

> javac Sample.java
> java -classpath ".;sqlite-jdbc-(VERSION).jar" Sample   # in Windows
or
> java -classpath ".:sqlite-jdbc-(VERSION).jar" Sample   # in macOS or Linux
name = leo
id = 1
name = yui
id = 2

Sample.java

    import java.sql.Connection;
    import java.sql.DriverManager;
    import java.sql.ResultSet;
    import java.sql.SQLException;
    import java.sql.Statement;

    public class Sample
    {
      public static void main(String[] args)
      {
        Connection connection = null;
        try
        {
          // create a database connection
          connection = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:sqlite:sample.db");
          Statement statement = connection.createStatement();
          statement.setQueryTimeout(30);  // set timeout to 30 sec.

          statement.executeUpdate("drop table if exists person");
          statement.executeUpdate("create table person (id integer, name string)");
          statement.executeUpdate("insert into person values(1, 'leo')");
          statement.executeUpdate("insert into person values(2, 'yui')");
          ResultSet rs = statement.executeQuery("select * from person");
          while(rs.next())
          {
            // read the result set
            System.out.println("name = " + rs.getString("name"));
            System.out.println("id = " + rs.getInt("id"));
          }
        }
        catch(SQLException e)
        {
          // if the error message is "out of memory",
          // it probably means no database file is found
          System.err.println(e.getMessage());
        }
        finally
        {
          try
          {
            if(connection != null)
              connection.close();
          }
          catch(SQLException e)
          {
            // connection close failed.
            System.err.println(e.getMessage());
          }
        }
      }
    }

How does SQLiteJDBC work?

Our SQLite JDBC driver package (i.e., sqlite-jdbc-(VERSION).jar) contains three types of native SQLite libraries (sqlite-jdbc.dll, sqlite-jdbc.jnilib, sqlite-jdbc.so), each of them is compiled for Windows, macOS and Linux. An appropriate native library file is automatically extracted into your OS's temporary folder, when your program loads org.sqlite.JDBC driver.

Supported Operating Systems

Since sqlite-jdbc-3.6.19, the natively compiled SQLite engines will be used for the following operating systems:

x86 x86_64 armv5 armv6 armv7 arm64 ppc64
Windows
macOS
Linux (libc)
Linux (musl)
Android
FreeBSD

In the other OSs not listed above, the pure-java SQLite is used. (Applies to versions before 3.7.15)

If you want to use the native library for your OS, build the source from scratch.

Download

Download from Maven Central or from the releases page.

<dependencies>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.xerial</groupId>
      <artifactId>sqlite-jdbc</artifactId>
      <version>(version)</version>
    </dependency>
</dependencies>

Snapshots of the development version are available in Sonatype's snapshots repository.

Project versioning explained

The project's version follows the version of the SQLite library that is bundled in the jar, with an extra digit to denote the project's increment.

For example, if the SQLite version is 3.39.2, the project version will be 3.39.2.x, where x starts at 0, and increments with every release that is not changing the SQLite version.

If the SQLite version is updated to 3.40.0, the project version will be updated to 3.40.0.0.

Hint for maven-shade-plugin

You may need to add shade plugin transformer to solve No suitable driver found for jdbc:sqlite: issue.

<transformer
	implementation="org.apache.maven.plugins.shade.resource.AppendingTransformer">
	<resource>META-INF/services/java.sql.Driver</resource>
</transformer>
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.xerial</groupId>
    <artifactId>sqlite-jdbc</artifactId>
    <version>(version)</version>
</dependency>

How can I help?

We are always looking for:

Please read our contribution guide.

Open Source Agenda is not affiliated with "Sqlite Jdbc" Project. README Source: xerial/sqlite-jdbc
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