Setup Ipsec Vpn Save

Scripts to build your own IPsec VPN server, with IPsec/L2TP, Cisco IPsec and IKEv2

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IPsec VPN Server Auto Setup Scripts

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Set up your own IPsec VPN server in just a few minutes, with IPsec/L2TP, Cisco IPsec and IKEv2.

An IPsec VPN encrypts your network traffic, so that nobody between you and the VPN server can eavesdrop on your data as it travels via the Internet. This is especially useful when using unsecured networks, e.g. at coffee shops, airports or hotel rooms.

We will use Libreswan as the IPsec server, and xl2tpd as the L2TP provider.

» :book: Book: Set Up Your Own IPsec VPN, OpenVPN and WireGuard Server

Quick start

First, prepare your Linux server* with an install of Ubuntu, Debian or CentOS.

Use this one-liner to set up an IPsec VPN server:

wget https://get.vpnsetup.net -O vpn.sh && sudo sh vpn.sh

Your VPN login details will be randomly generated, and displayed when finished.

Optional: Install WireGuard and/or OpenVPN on the same server.

See the script in action (terminal recording).

Note: This recording is for demo purposes only. VPN credentials in this recording are NOT valid.

Click here if you are unable to download.

You may also use curl to download:

curl -fsSL https://get.vpnsetup.net -o vpn.sh && sudo sh vpn.sh

Alternative setup URLs:

https://github.com/hwdsl2/setup-ipsec-vpn/raw/master/vpnsetup.sh
https://gitlab.com/hwdsl2/setup-ipsec-vpn/-/raw/master/vpnsetup.sh

If you are unable to download, open vpnsetup.sh, then click the Raw button on the right. Press Ctrl/Cmd+A to select all, Ctrl/Cmd+C to copy, then paste into your favorite editor.

A pre-built Docker image is also available. For other options and client setup, read the sections below.

* A cloud server, virtual private server (VPS) or dedicated server.

Features

  • Fully automated IPsec VPN server setup, no user input needed
  • Supports IKEv2 with strong and fast ciphers (e.g. AES-GCM)
  • Generates VPN profiles to auto-configure iOS, macOS and Android devices
  • Supports Windows, macOS, iOS, Android, Chrome OS and Linux as VPN clients
  • Includes helper scripts to manage VPN users and certificates

Requirements

A cloud server, virtual private server (VPS) or dedicated server, with an install of:

  • Ubuntu 22.04, 20.04 or 18.04
  • Debian 11 or 10
  • CentOS 7 or CentOS Stream 9/8
  • Rocky Linux or AlmaLinux 9/8
  • Oracle Linux 9, 8 or 7
  • Amazon Linux 2
Other supported Linux distributions.
  • Raspberry Pi OS (Raspbian) 11 or 10
  • Kali Linux 2022
  • Alpine Linux 3.16 or 3.15
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 9, 8 or 7

This also includes Linux VMs in public clouds, such as DigitalOcean, Vultr, Linode, OVH and Microsoft Azure. Public cloud users can also deploy using user data.

Deploy to DigitalOcean  Deploy to Linode  Deploy to Azure

» I want to run my own VPN but don't have a server for that

For servers with an external firewall (e.g. EC2/GCE), open UDP ports 500 and 4500 for the VPN.

A pre-built Docker image is also available. Advanced users can install on a Raspberry Pi. [1] [2]

:warning: DO NOT run these scripts on your PC or Mac! They should only be used on a server!

Installation

First, update your server with sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get dist-upgrade (Ubuntu/Debian) or sudo yum update and reboot. This is optional, but recommended.

To install the VPN, please choose one of the following options:

Option 1: Have the script generate random VPN credentials for you (will be displayed when finished).

wget https://get.vpnsetup.net -O vpn.sh && sudo sh vpn.sh

Option 2: Edit the script and provide your own VPN credentials.

wget https://get.vpnsetup.net -O vpn.sh
nano -w vpn.sh
[Replace with your own values: YOUR_IPSEC_PSK, YOUR_USERNAME and YOUR_PASSWORD]
sudo sh vpn.sh

Note: A secure IPsec PSK should consist of at least 20 random characters.

Option 3: Define your VPN credentials as environment variables.

# All values MUST be placed inside 'single quotes'
# DO NOT use these special characters within values: \ " '
wget https://get.vpnsetup.net -O vpn.sh
sudo VPN_IPSEC_PSK='your_ipsec_pre_shared_key' \
VPN_USER='your_vpn_username' \
VPN_PASSWORD='your_vpn_password' \
sh vpn.sh

You may optionally install WireGuard and/or OpenVPN on the same server. If your server runs CentOS Stream, Rocky Linux or AlmaLinux, first install OpenVPN/WireGuard, then install the IPsec VPN.

Click here if you are unable to download.

You may also use curl to download. For example:

curl -fL https://get.vpnsetup.net -o vpn.sh
sudo sh vpn.sh

Alternative setup URLs:

https://github.com/hwdsl2/setup-ipsec-vpn/raw/master/vpnsetup.sh
https://gitlab.com/hwdsl2/setup-ipsec-vpn/-/raw/master/vpnsetup.sh

If you are unable to download, open vpnsetup.sh, then click the Raw button on the right. Press Ctrl/Cmd+A to select all, Ctrl/Cmd+C to copy, then paste into your favorite editor.

Optional: Customize IKEv2 options during VPN setup.

When installing the VPN, you can optionally customize IKEv2 options.

Option 1: Customize IKEv2 options using environment variables.

When installing the VPN, you can optionally specify a DNS name for the IKEv2 server address. The DNS name must be a fully qualified domain name (FQDN). Example:

sudo VPN_DNS_NAME='vpn.example.com' sh vpn.sh

Similarly, you may specify a name for the first IKEv2 client. The default is vpnclient if not specified.

sudo VPN_CLIENT_NAME='your_client_name' sh vpn.sh

By default, clients are set to use Google Public DNS when the VPN is active. You may specify custom DNS server(s) for all VPN modes. Example:

sudo VPN_DNS_SRV1=1.1.1.1 VPN_DNS_SRV2=1.0.0.1 sh vpn.sh

By default, no password is required when importing IKEv2 client configuration. You can choose to protect client config files using a random password.

sudo VPN_PROTECT_CONFIG=yes sh vpn.sh
Option 2: Skip IKEv2 during VPN setup, then set up IKEv2 using custom options.

When installing the VPN, you can skip IKEv2 and only install the IPsec/L2TP and IPsec/XAuth ("Cisco IPsec") modes:

sudo VPN_SKIP_IKEV2=yes sh vpn.sh

(Optional) If you want to specify custom DNS server(s) for VPN clients, define VPN_DNS_SRV1 and optionally VPN_DNS_SRV2. See option 1 above for details.

After that, run the IKEv2 helper script to set up IKEv2 interactively using custom options:

sudo ikev2.sh

Note: The VPN_SKIP_IKEV2 variable has no effect if IKEv2 is already set up on the server. In that case, to customize IKEv2 options, you can first remove IKEv2, then set it up again using sudo ikev2.sh.

For reference: List of IKEv1 and IKEv2 parameters.
IKEv1 parameter* Default value Customize (env variable)**
Server address (DNS name) - No, but you can connect using a DNS name
Server address (public IP) Auto detect VPN_PUBLIC_IP
IPsec pre-shared key Auto generate VPN_IPSEC_PSK
VPN username vpnuser VPN_USER
VPN password Auto generate VPN_PASSWORD
DNS servers for clients Google Public DNS VPN_DNS_SRV1, VPN_DNS_SRV2
Skip IKEv2 setup no VPN_SKIP_IKEV2=yes

* These IKEv1 parameters are for IPsec/L2TP and IPsec/XAuth ("Cisco IPsec") modes.
** Define these as environment variables when running vpn(setup).sh.

IKEv2 parameter* Default value Customize (env variable)** Customize (interactive)***
Server address (DNS name) - VPN_DNS_NAME
Server address (public IP) Auto detect VPN_PUBLIC_IP
Name of first client vpnclient VPN_CLIENT_NAME
DNS servers for clients Google Public DNS VPN_DNS_SRV1, VPN_DNS_SRV2
Protect client config files no VPN_PROTECT_CONFIG=yes
Enable/Disable MOBIKE Enable if supported
Client cert validity 10 years (120 months) VPN_CLIENT_VALIDITY****
CA & server cert validity 10 years (120 months)
CA certificate name IKEv2 VPN CA
Certificate key size 3072 bits

* These IKEv2 parameters are for IKEv2 mode.
** Define these as environment variables when running vpn(setup).sh, or when setting up IKEv2 in auto mode (sudo ikev2.sh --auto).
*** Can be customized during interactive IKEv2 setup (sudo ikev2.sh). Refer to option 2 above.
**** Use VPN_CLIENT_VALIDITY to specify the client cert validity period in months. Must be an integer between 1 and 120.

In addition to these parameters, advanced users can also customize VPN subnets during VPN setup.

Next steps

Read this in other languages: English, 中文.

Get your computer or device to use the VPN. Please refer to:

Configure IKEv2 VPN Clients (recommended)

Configure IPsec/L2TP VPN Clients

Configure IPsec/XAuth ("Cisco IPsec") VPN Clients

:book: Book: Set Up Your Own IPsec VPN, OpenVPN and WireGuard Server

Enjoy your very own VPN! :sparkles::tada::rocket::sparkles:

Like this project? :heart: Sponsor or :coffee: Support and access extra content.

Important notes

Windows users: For IPsec/L2TP mode, a one-time registry change is required if the VPN server or client is behind NAT (e.g. home router).

The same VPN account can be used by your multiple devices. However, due to an IPsec/L2TP limitation, if you wish to connect multiple devices from behind the same NAT (e.g. home router), you must use IKEv2 or IPsec/XAuth mode. To view or update VPN user accounts, see Manage VPN users.

For servers with an external firewall (e.g. EC2/GCE), open UDP ports 500 and 4500 for the VPN. Aliyun users, see #433.

Clients are set to use Google Public DNS when the VPN is active. If another DNS provider is preferred, see Advanced usage.

Using kernel support could improve IPsec/L2TP performance. It is available on all supported OS. Ubuntu users should install the linux-modules-extra-$(uname -r) package and run service xl2tpd restart.

The scripts will backup existing config files before making changes, with .old-date-time suffix.

Upgrade Libreswan

Use this one-liner to update Libreswan (changelog | announce) on your VPN server.

wget https://get.vpnsetup.net/upg -O vpnup.sh && sudo sh vpnup.sh
Click here if you are unable to download.

You may also use curl to download:

curl -fsSL https://get.vpnsetup.net/upg -o vpnup.sh && sudo sh vpnup.sh

Alternative update URLs:

https://github.com/hwdsl2/setup-ipsec-vpn/raw/master/extras/vpnupgrade.sh
https://gitlab.com/hwdsl2/setup-ipsec-vpn/-/raw/master/extras/vpnupgrade.sh

If you are unable to download, open vpnupgrade.sh, then click the Raw button on the right. Press Ctrl/Cmd+A to select all, Ctrl/Cmd+C to copy, then paste into your favorite editor.

The latest supported Libreswan version is 4.9. Check installed version: ipsec --version.

Note: xl2tpd can be updated using your system's package manager, such as apt-get on Ubuntu/Debian.

Manage VPN users

See Manage VPN users.

Advanced usage

See Advanced usage.

Uninstall the VPN

To uninstall IPsec VPN, run the helper script:

Warning: This helper script will remove IPsec VPN from your server. All VPN configuration will be permanently deleted, and Libreswan and xl2tpd will be removed. This cannot be undone!

wget https://get.vpnsetup.net/unst -O unst.sh && sudo bash unst.sh
Click here if you are unable to download.

You may also use curl to download:

curl -fsSL https://get.vpnsetup.net/unst -o unst.sh && sudo bash unst.sh

Alternative script URLs:

https://github.com/hwdsl2/setup-ipsec-vpn/raw/master/extras/vpnuninstall.sh
https://gitlab.com/hwdsl2/setup-ipsec-vpn/-/raw/master/extras/vpnuninstall.sh

For more information, see Uninstall the VPN.

Feedback & Questions

License

Copyright (C) 2014-2023 Lin Song View my profile on LinkedIn
Based on the work of Thomas Sarlandie (Copyright 2012)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
Attribution required: please include my name in any derivative and let me know how you have improved it!

Open Source Agenda is not affiliated with "Setup Ipsec Vpn" Project. README Source: hwdsl2/setup-ipsec-vpn
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