Route53 Dynamic Dns With Lambda Save

A Dynamic DNS system built with API Gateway, Lambda & Route 53.

Project README

Serverless Dynamic DNS

Cloud Development Kit (CDK) Deployment

This repository contains all the required code to deploy a Serverless Dynamic DNS solution in AWS.

Architecture diagram

CDK will manage the deployment of the following resources:

  • Lambda Function
  • DynamoDB Table
  • Lambda Function IAM Role

The Lambda function will be configured with a FunctionURL for PUBLIC invocation. The Lambda IAM Role will have the following permissions in addition to the standard Lambda role:

  • READ (all actions) for the deployed DynamoDB Table
  • Route53 List and Change record set

To deploy the CDK stack to an AWS account is suggested to create an EC2 Cloud9 environment in a chosen region. https://docs.aws.amazon.com/cloud9/latest/user-guide/create-environment-main.html

In the Cloud9 environment clone this repository:

In the Cloud9 enviroment clone this repository:

git clone <repository_url>

Install Python requirements:

pip install -r requirements.txt

To test DNS record update on the Cloud9 instance perl-Digest-SHA must be installed to add the shasum package.

sudo yum update
sudo yum install perl-Digest-SHA

If CDK was never used in the deployment account bootstrap it for CDK: https://docs.aws.amazon.com/cdk/v2/guide/bootstrapping.html

cdk bootstrap

Deploy the stack

cdk deploy

Configuration

Route53 Hosted zone and record set

A Route53 Hosted Zone (https://docs.aws.amazon.com/Route53/latest/DeveloperGuide/hosted-zones-working-with.html) is required to update the hostname, the Hosted Zone ID must be included in the configuration and stored in the deployed DynamoDB table using the hostname as key and in the data attribute the following JSON object (Sample configuration):

{
  "route_53_zone_id": "XYZ1234567890",
  "route_53_record_ttl": 60,
  "shared_secret": "SHARED_SECRET_1"
}

To facilitate the configuration process execute the included newrecord.py Python script. (Execute this script for each hostname to be configured)

python3 newrecord.py

The script will verify CDK stack deployment is deployed, if not it will return:

Dyndns stack not found, ensure the right AWS CLI profile is being used.

If the stack is present but deployment is not completed it will return:

Stack not yet deployed try again in few minutes

if the stack is successfully deployed the script will prompt:

Hosted zone name, i.e. example.com

Type the Hosted Zone name:

example.com

If the Hosted Zone does not exist a confirmation prompt will ask for confirmation to create a new one:

Hosted zone example.com not found.
Do you want to create it? (y/n)

Type y to continue or n to abort.

In the next steps the script will prompt for:

If the default configuration is correct, just press Enter to continue, if not for each prompt type the required settings, i.e. test.example.com for the hostname etc...

Shared secret

The next prompt will ask to type a shared secret and confirm it. The shared secret will be saved in the JSON configuration and hashed when invoking the Lambda function. Lambda will read the shared secret from DynamoDB and hash it to validate the request is authorized. For example here SHARED_SECRET_123 is provided.

Enter the secret for the new record set.
SHARED_SECRET_123
Confirm the secret:
SHARED_SECRET_123

The script will summarise the configuration and prompt to confirm:

##############################################
#                                            #
# The following configuration will be saved: #
#                                            #
  Host name:  www.example.com
  Hosted zone id: ZYZ12345678901234
  Record set TTL: 60
  Secret: SHARED_SECRET_123
#                                            #
#      do you want to continue? (y/n)        #
#                                            #
##############################################

Type n to abort if anything is incorrect.

If a Hosted Zone was created during the configuration, a prompt will ask confirmation to delete the created Hosted Zone:

Type y to confirm and save the configuration:

#####################################################
#                                                   #
# The Serverless Dynamic DNS solution is now ready. #
#                                                   #
#####################################################

www.example.com can be updated with the following command:
./dyndns.sh -m set -u https://xyz1234567890xyz.lambda-url.eu-west-1.on.aws/ -h www.example.com -s SHARED_SECRET_123

The dyndns.sh bash script provided, can be use to invoke the deployed Lambda URL. This can be run via a CRON or SystemD timer to periodically update your hostname. newrecord.py provides all the flags to successfully run the script:

./dyndns.sh -m set -u https://xyz1234567890xyz.lambda-url.eu-west-1.on.aws/ -h www.example.com -s SHARED_SECRET_123

More information on how to invoke the Lambda URL can be found here: invocation.md

Open Source Agenda is not affiliated with "Route53 Dynamic Dns With Lambda" Project. README Source: awslabs/route53-dynamic-dns-with-lambda
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