Proxy Memoize Save

Intuitive magical memoization library with Proxy and WeakMap

Project README

proxy-memoize

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Intuitive magical memoization library with Proxy and WeakMap

Project status

The v1 API is complete and fixed. Our docs and examples are not very comprehensive, and we hope to have more best practices. Contributions are welcome.

Introduction

In frontend framework like React, object immutability is important. JavaScript itself doesn't support forcing immutability. Several libraries help encouraging immutable coding style, like immer. While immer helps updating an object, this library helps creating a derived value from an object, a.k.a. selector.

This library utilizes Proxy and WeakMap, and provides memoization. The memoized function will re-evaluate the original function only if the used part of argument (object) is changed. It's intuitive in a sense and magical in another sense.

How it works

When it (re-)evaluates a function, it will wrap an input object with proxies (recursively, on demand) and invoke the function. When it's finished it will check what is "affected". The "affected" is a list of paths of the input object that are accessed during the function invocation.

Next time when it receives a new input object, it will check if values in "affected" paths are changed. If so, it will re-evaluate the function. Otherwise, it will return a cached result.

The cache size is 1 by default, but configurable.

We have 2-tier cache mechanism. What is described so far is the second tier cache.

The first tier cache is with WeakMap. It's a WeakMap of the input object and the result of function invocation. There's no notion of cache size.

In summary, there are two types of cache:

  • tier-1: WeakMap based cache (size=infinity)
  • tier-2: Proxy based cache (size=1, configurable)

Install

npm install proxy-memoize

How it behaves

import memoize from 'proxy-memoize';

const fn = memoize(x => ({ sum: x.a + x.b, diff: x.a - x.b }));

fn({ a: 2, b: 1, c: 1 }); // ---> { sum: 3, diff: 1 }
fn({ a: 3, b: 1, c: 1 }); // ---> { sum: 4, diff: 2 }
fn({ a: 3, b: 1, c: 9 }); // ---> { sum: 4, diff: 2 } (returning a cached value)
fn({ a: 4, b: 1, c: 9 }); // ---> { sum: 5, diff: 3 }

fn({ a: 1, b: 2 }) === fn({ a: 1, b: 2 }); // ---> true

Usage with React Context

Instead of bare useMemo.

const Component = (props) => {
  const [state, dispatch] = useContext(MyContext);
  const render = useCallback(memoize(([props, state]) => (
    <div>
      {/* render with props and state */}
    </div>
  )), [dispatch]);
  return render([props, state]);
};

const App = ({ children }) => (
  <MyContext.Provider value={useReducer(reducer, initialState)}>
    {children}
  </MyContext.Provider>
);

Usage with React Redux & Reselect

Instead of reselect.

import { useSelector } from 'react-redux';

const getScore = memoize(state => ({
  score: heavyComputation(state.a + state.b),
  createdAt: Date.now(),
}));

const Component = ({ id }) => {
  const { score, title } = useSelector(useCallback(memoize(state => ({
    score: getScore(state),
    title: state.titles[id],
  })), [id]));
  return <div>{score.score} {score.createdAt} {title}</div>;
};

Using size option

The example above might seem tricky to create memoized selector in component. Alternatively, we can use size option.

import { useSelector } from 'react-redux';

const getScore = memoize(state => ({
  score: heavyComputation(state.a + state.b),
  createdAt: Date.now(),
}));

const selector = memoize(([state, id]) => ({
  score: getScore(state),
  title: state.titles[id],
}), {
  size: 500,
});

const Component = ({ id }) => {
  const { score, title } = useSelector(state => selector([state, id]));
  return <div>{score.score} {score.createdAt} {title}</div>;
};

The drawback of this approach is we need a good estimate of size in advance.

Usage with Zustand

For derived values.

import create from 'zustand';

const useStore = create(set => ({
  valueA,
  valueB,
  // ...
}));

const getDerivedValueA = memoize(state => heavyComputation(state.valueA))
const getDerivedValueB = memoize(state => heavyComputation(state.valueB))
const getTotal = state => getDerivedValueA(state) + getDerivedValueB(state)

const Component = () => {
  const total = useStore(getTotal)
  return <div>{total}</div>;
};

API

memoize

Create a memoized function

Parameters

  • fn function (obj: Obj): Result

  • options {size: number?}?

    • options.size (default: 1)

Examples

import memoize from 'proxy-memoize';

const fn = memoize(obj => ({ sum: obj.a + obj.b, diff: obj.a - obj.b }));

Returns function (obj: Obj): Result

getUntracked

This is to unwrap a proxy object and return an original object. It returns null if not relevant.

[Notes] This function is for debugging purpose. It's not supposed to be used in production and it's subject to change.

Examples

import memoize, { getUntrackedObject } from 'proxy-memoize';

const fn = memoize(obj => {
  console.log(getUntrackedObject(obj));
  return { sum: obj.a + obj.b, diff: obj.a - obj.b };
});

replaceNewProxy

This is to replace newProxy function in upstream library, proxy-compare. Use it at your own risk.

[Notes] See related discussoin: https://github.com/dai-shi/proxy-compare/issues/40

Importing package

This package uses ESM default export.

Modern environment supports ESM and the following works fine.

import memoize from 'proxy-memoize';

In case it doesn't work in your environment, here are some workarounds:

import memoize from 'proxy-memoize/dist/index.modern.js';
const memoize = require('proxy-memoize').default;
import memoize from 'proxy-memoize/dist/wrapper.cjs';
const memoize = require('proxy-memoize/dist/wrapper.cjs');

Limitations and workarounds

Inside the function, objects are wrapped with proxies and touching a property will record it.

const fn = memoize(obj => {
  console.log(obj.c); // this will mark ".c" as used
  return { sum: obj.a + obj.b, diff: obj.a - obj.b };
});

A workaround is to unwrap a proxy.

const fn = memoize(obj => {
  console.log(getUntrackedObject(obj).c);
  return { sum: obj.a + obj.b, diff: obj.a - obj.b };
});

Memoized function will unwrap proxies in the return value only if it consists of plain objects/arrays.

const fn = memoize(obj => {
  return { x: obj.a, y: { z: [obj.b, obj.c] } }; // plain objects
});

In this case above, the return value is clean, however, see the following.

const fn = memoize(obj => {
  return { x: new Set([obj.a]), y: new Map([['z', obj.b]]) }; // not plain
});

We can't unwrap Set/Map or other non-plain objects. The problem is when obj.a is an object (which will be wrapped with a proxy) and touching its property will record the usage, which leads unexpected behavior. If obj.a is a primitive value, there's no problem.

There's no workaround. Please be advised to use only plain objects/arrays. Nested objects/arrays are OK.

Input object must not be mutated

const fn = memoize(obj => {
  return { sum: obj.a + obj.b, diff: obj.a - obj.b };
});

const state = { a: 1, b: 2 };
const result1 = fn(state);
state.a += 1; // Don't do this, the state object must be immutable
const result2 = fn(state); // Ends up unexpected result

The input obj or the state must be immutable. The whole concept is built around the immutability. It's faily common in Redux and React, but be careful if you are not familiar with the concept.

There's no workaround.

Input can just be one object

const fn = memoize(obj => {
  return { sum: obj.a + obj.b, diff: obj.a - obj.b };
});

The input obj is the only argument that a function can receive.

const fn = memoize((arg1, arg2) => {
  // arg2 can't be used
  // ...
});

A workaround is to create a wrapper.

const memoizeWithArgs = (fnWithArgs, options) => {
  const fn = memoize(args => fnWithArgs(...args), options);
  return (...args) => fn (args);
};

Note: this will essentially bypass the tier-1 cache with WeakMap.

Comparison

Reselect

At a basic level, memoize can be substituted in for createSelector. Doing so will return a selector function with proxy-memoize's built-in tracking of your state object.

// reselect
// selecting values from the state object requires composing multiple functions
const mySelector = createSelector(
  state => state.values.value1,
  state => state.values.value2,
  (value1, value2) => value1 + value2,
);

// ----------------------------------------------------------------------

// proxy-memoize
// the same selector can now be written as a single memoized function
const mySelector = memoize(
  state => state.values.value1 + state.values.value2,
);

With complex state objects, the ability to track individual properties within state means that proxy-memoize will only calculate a new value if and only if the tracked property changes.

const state = {
  todos: [{ text: 'foo', completed: false }]
};

// reselect
// If the .completed property changes inside state, the selector must be recalculated
// even through none of the properties we care about changed. In react-redux, this
// selector will result in additional UI re-renders or the developer to implement
// selectorOptions.memoizeOptions.resultEqualityCheck
createSelector(
  state => state.todos,
  todos => todos.map(todo => todo.text)
);

// ----------------------------------------------------------------------

// proxy-memozie
// If the .completed property changes inside state, the selector does NOT change
// this is because we track only the accessed property (todos.text) and can ignore
// the unrelated change
const todoTextsSelector = memoize(state => state.todos.map(todo => todo.text));

proxy-memoize depends on an internal library proxy-compare. react-tracked and valtio are libraries that depend on the same library.

memoize-state provides a similar API for the same goal.

Open Source Agenda is not affiliated with "Proxy Memoize" Project. README Source: dai-shi/proxy-memoize
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