Prophet Save

Tool for producing high quality forecasts for time series data that has multiple seasonality with linear or non-linear growth.

Project README

Prophet: Automatic Forecasting Procedure

BuildPypi_Version Conda_Version CRAN status

Prophet is a procedure for forecasting time series data based on an additive model where non-linear trends are fit with yearly, weekly, and daily seasonality, plus holiday effects. It works best with time series that have strong seasonal effects and several seasons of historical data. Prophet is robust to missing data and shifts in the trend, and typically handles outliers well.

Prophet is open source software released by Facebook's Core Data Science team. It is available for download on CRAN and PyPI.

Installation in R

Prophet is a CRAN package so you can use install.packages.

install.packages('prophet')

After installation, you can get started!

Experimental backend - cmdstanr

You can also choose an experimental alternative stan backend called cmdstanr. Once you've installed prophet, follow these instructions to use cmdstanr instead of rstan as the backend:

# R
# We recommend running this in a fresh R session or restarting your current session
install.packages(c("cmdstanr", "posterior"), repos = c("https://mc-stan.org/r-packages/", getOption("repos")))

# If you haven't installed cmdstan before, run:
cmdstanr::install_cmdstan()
# Otherwise, you can point cmdstanr to your cmdstan path:
cmdstanr::set_cmdstan_path(path = <your existing cmdstan>)

# Set the R_STAN_BACKEND environment variable
Sys.setenv(R_STAN_BACKEND = "CMDSTANR")

Windows

On Windows, R requires a compiler so you'll need to follow the instructions provided by rstan. The key step is installing Rtools before attempting to install the package.

If you have custom Stan compiler settings, install from source rather than the CRAN binary.

Installation in Python - PyPI release

Prophet is on PyPI, so you can use pip to install it. From v0.6 onwards, Python 2 is no longer supported. As of v1.0, the package name on PyPI is "prophet"; prior to v1.0 it was "fbprophet".

# Install pystan with pip before using pip to install prophet
# pystan>=3.0 is currently not supported
pip install pystan==2.19.1.1
pip install prophet

Experimental backend - cmdstanpy

You can also choose a (more experimental) alternative stan backend called cmdstanpy. It requires the CmdStan command line interface and you will have to specify the environment variable STAN_BACKEND pointing to it, for example:

# bash
$ CMDSTAN=/tmp/cmdstan-2.22.1 STAN_BACKEND=CMDSTANPY pip install prophet

Note that the CMDSTAN variable is directly related to cmdstanpy module and can be omitted if your CmdStan binaries are in your $PATH.

After installation, you can get started!

If you upgraded the version of PyStan installed on your system, you may need to reinstall prophet (see here).

Anaconda

The easiest way to install Prophet is through conda-forge: conda install -c conda-forge prophet.

Windows

The easiest way to install Prophet in Windows is in Anaconda.

Linux

Make sure compilers (gcc, g++, build-essential) and Python development tools (python-dev, python3-dev) are installed. In Red Hat systems, install the packages gcc64 and gcc64-c++. If you are using a VM, be aware that you will need at least 4GB of memory to install prophet, and at least 2GB of memory to use prophet.

Installation in Python - Development version

Since Pystan2 is no longer being maintained, the python package will move to depend solely on cmdstanpy (benefits described here). This has been updated in the development version of the package (1.1), but this version hasn't yet been released to PyPI. If you would like to use cmdstanpy only for your workflow, you can clone this repo and build from source manually:

git clone https://github.com/facebook/prophet.git
cd prophet/python
python -m pip install -r requirements.txt
python setup.py develop

By default, Prophet will use a fixed version of cmdstan (downloading and installing it if necessary) to compile the model executables. If this is undesired and you would like to use your own existing cmdstan installation, you can set the environment variable PROPHET_REPACKAGE_CMDSTAN to False:

export PROPHET_REPACKAGE_CMDSTAN=False; python setup.py develop

Windows

Using cmdstanpy with Windows requires a Unix-compatible C compiler such as mingw-gcc. If cmdstanpy is installed first, one can be installed via the cmdstanpy.install_cxx_toolchain command.

Changelog

Version 1.0 (2021.03.28)

  • Python package name changed from fbprophet to prophet
  • Fixed R Windows build issues to get latest version back on CRAN
  • Improvements in serialization, holidays, and R timezone handling
  • Plotting improvements

Version 0.7 (2020.09.05)

  • Built-in json serialization
  • Added "flat" growth option
  • Bugfixes related to holidays and pandas
  • Plotting improvements
  • Improvements in cross validation, such as parallelization and directly specifying cutoffs

Version 0.6 (2020.03.03)

  • Fix bugs related to upstream changes in holidays and pandas packages.
  • Compile model during first use, not during install (to comply with CRAN policy)
  • cmdstanpy backend now available in Python
  • Python 2 no longer supported

Version 0.5 (2019.05.14)

  • Conditional seasonalities
  • Improved cross validation estimates
  • Plotly plot in Python
  • Bugfixes

Version 0.4 (2018.12.18)

  • Added holidays functionality
  • Bugfixes

Version 0.3 (2018.06.01)

  • Multiplicative seasonality
  • Cross validation error metrics and visualizations
  • Parameter to set range of potential changepoints
  • Unified Stan model for both trend types
  • Improved future trend uncertainty for sub-daily data
  • Bugfixes

Version 0.2.1 (2017.11.08)

  • Bugfixes

Version 0.2 (2017.09.02)

  • Forecasting with sub-daily data
  • Daily seasonality, and custom seasonalities
  • Extra regressors
  • Access to posterior predictive samples
  • Cross-validation function
  • Saturating minimums
  • Bugfixes

Version 0.1.1 (2017.04.17)

  • Bugfixes
  • New options for detecting yearly and weekly seasonality (now the default)

Version 0.1 (2017.02.23)

  • Initial release

License

Prophet is licensed under the MIT license.

Open Source Agenda is not affiliated with "Prophet" Project. README Source: facebook/prophet