Nyc Taxi Data Save

Import public NYC taxi and for-hire vehicle (Uber, Lyft) trip data into a PostgreSQL or ClickHouse database

Project README

New York City Taxi and For-Hire Vehicle Data

Scripts to download, process, and analyze data from 3+ billion taxi and for-hire vehicle (Uber, Lyft, etc.) trips originating in New York City since 2009. There are separate sets of scripts for storing data in either a PostgreSQL or ClickHouse database.

Most of the raw data comes from the NYC Taxi & Limousine Commission.

The repo was created originally in support of this post: Analyzing 1.1 Billion NYC Taxi and Uber Trips, with a Vengeance

TLC 2022 Parquet Format Update

The TLC changed the raw data format from CSV to Apache Parquet in May 2022, including a full replacement of all historical files. This repo is now updated to handle the Parquet files in one of two ways:

  1. The "old" Postgres-based code still works, by adding an intermediate step that converts each Parquet file into a CSV before using the Postgres COPY command
  2. A separate set of scripts loads the Parquet files directly into a ClickHouse database

As part of the May 2022 update, the TLC added several new columns to the High Volume For-Hire Vehicle (Uber, Lyft) trip files, including information about passenger fares, driver pay, and time spent waiting for passengers. These new fields are available back to February 2019.

This repo no longer works with the old CSV files provided by the TLC. Those files are no longer available to download from the TLC's website, but if you happen to have them lying around and want to use this repo, you should look at this older verion of the code from before the Parquet file format change.

ClickHouse Instructions

See the clickhouse directory

PostgreSQL Instructions

1. Install PostgreSQL and PostGIS

Both are available via Homebrew on Mac

2. Install R

From CRAN

Note that R used to be optional for this repo, but is required starting with the 2022 file format change. The scripts use R to convert Parquet files to CSV before loading into Postgres. There are other ways to convert from Parquet to CSV that wouldn't require R, but I found that R's arrow package was faster than some of the other CLI tools I tried

3. Download raw data

./download_raw_data.sh

4. Initialize database and set up schema

./initialize_database.sh

5. Import taxi and FHV data

./import_yellow_taxi_trip_data.sh
./import_green_taxi_trip_data.sh
./import_fhv_taxi_trip_data.sh
./import_fhvhv_trip_data.sh

Note that the full import process might take several hours or possibly even over a day depending on computing power

Schema

  • trips table contains all yellow and green taxi trips. Each trip has a cab_type_id, which references the cab_types table and refers to one of yellow or green
  • fhv_trips table contains all for-hire vehicle trip records, including ride-hailing apps Uber, Lyft, Via, and Juno
  • fhv_bases maps fhv_trips to base names and "doing business as" labels, which include ride-hailing app names
  • nyct2010 table contains NYC census tracts plus the Newark Airport. It also maps census tracts to NYC's official neighborhood tabulation areas
  • taxi_zones table contains the TLC's official taxi zone boundaries. Starting in July 2016, the TLC no longer provides pickup and dropoff coordinates. Instead, each trip comes with taxi zone pickup and dropoff location IDs
  • central_park_weather_observations has summary weather data by date

Other data sources

These are bundled with the repository, so no need to download separately, but:

See Also

Mark Litwintschik has used the taxi dataset to benchmark performance of many different technology stacks, including PostgreSQL and ClickHouse. His summary is here: https://tech.marksblogg.com/benchmarks.html

TLC summary statistics

There's a Ruby script in the tlc_statistics/ folder to import data from the TLC's summary statistics reports:

ruby import_statistics_data.rb

These summary statistics are used in the NYC Taxi & Ridehailing Stats dashboard

Taxi vs. Citi Bike comparison

Code in support of the post When Are Citi Bikes Faster Than Taxis in New York City? lives in the citibike_comparison/ folder

2017 update

Code in support of the 2017 update to the original post lives in the analysis/2017_update/ folder

Questions/issues/contact

[email protected], or open a GitHub issue

Open Source Agenda is not affiliated with "Nyc Taxi Data" Project. README Source: toddwschneider/nyc-taxi-data
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