Net Amazon S3 Save

Use the Amazon S3 - Simple Storage Service from Perl

Project README

NAME Net::Amazon::S3 - Use the Amazon S3 - Simple Storage Service

SYNOPSIS use Net::Amazon::S3; my $aws_access_key_id = 'fill me in'; my $aws_secret_access_key = 'fill me in too';

  my $s3 = Net::Amazon::S3->new(
      {   aws_access_key_id     => $aws_access_key_id,
          aws_secret_access_key => $aws_secret_access_key,
          retry                 => 1,

  # a bucket is a globally-unique directory
  # list all buckets that i own
  my $response = $s3->buckets;
  foreach my $bucket ( @{ $response->{buckets} } ) {
      print "You have a bucket: " . $bucket->bucket . "\n";

  # create a new bucket
  my $bucketname = 'acmes_photo_backups';
  my $bucket = $s3->add_bucket( { bucket => $bucketname } )
      or die $s3->err . ": " . $s3->errstr;

  # or use an existing bucket
  $bucket = $s3->bucket($bucketname);

  # store a file in the bucket
  $bucket->add_key_filename( '1.JPG', 'DSC06256.JPG',
      { content_type => 'image/jpeg', },
  ) or die $s3->err . ": " . $s3->errstr;

  # store a value in the bucket
  $bucket->add_key( 'reminder.txt', 'this is where my photos are backed up' )
      or die $s3->err . ": " . $s3->errstr;

  # list files in the bucket
  $response = $bucket->list_all
      or die $s3->err . ": " . $s3->errstr;
  foreach my $key ( @{ $response->{keys} } ) {
      my $key_name = $key->{key};
      my $key_size = $key->{size};
      print "Bucket contains key '$key_name' of size $key_size\n";

  # fetch file from the bucket
  $response = $bucket->get_key_filename( '1.JPG', 'GET', 'backup.jpg' )
      or die $s3->err . ": " . $s3->errstr;

  # fetch value from the bucket
  $response = $bucket->get_key('reminder.txt')
      or die $s3->err . ": " . $s3->errstr;
  print "reminder.txt:\n";
  print "  content length: " . $response->{content_length} . "\n";
  print "    content type: " . $response->{content_type} . "\n";
  print "            etag: " . $response->{content_type} . "\n";
  print "         content: " . $response->{value} . "\n";

  # delete keys
  $bucket->delete_key('reminder.txt') or die $s3->err . ": " . $s3->errstr;
  $bucket->delete_key('1.JPG')        or die $s3->err . ": " . $s3->errstr;

  # and finally delete the bucket
  $bucket->delete_bucket or die $s3->err . ": " . $s3->errstr;

DESCRIPTION This module provides a Perlish interface to Amazon S3. From the developer blurb: "Amazon S3 is storage for the Internet. It is designed to make web-scale computing easier for developers. Amazon S3 provides a simple web services interface that can be used to store and retrieve any amount of data, at any time, from anywhere on the web. It gives any developer access to the same highly scalable, reliable, fast, inexpensive data storage infrastructure that Amazon uses to run its own global network of web sites. The service aims to maximize benefits of scale and to pass those benefits on to developers".

To find out more about S3, please visit:

To use this module you will need to sign up to Amazon Web Services and
provide an "Access Key ID" and " Secret Access Key". If you use this
module, you will incurr costs as specified by Amazon. Please check the
costs. If you use this module with your Access Key ID and Secret Access
Key you must be responsible for these costs.

I highly recommend reading all about S3, but in a nutshell data is
stored in values. Values are referenced by keys, and keys are stored in
buckets. Bucket names are global.

Note: This is the legacy interface, please check out
Net::Amazon::S3::Client instead.

Development of this code happens here:

METHODS new Create a new S3 client object. Takes some arguments:

    Use your Access Key ID as the value of the AWSAccessKeyId parameter
    in requests you send to Amazon Web Services (when required). Your
    Access Key ID identifies you as the party responsible for the

    Since your Access Key ID is not encrypted in requests to AWS, it
    could be discovered and used by anyone. Services that are not free
    require you to provide additional information, a request signature,
    to verify that a request containing your unique Access Key ID could
    only have come from you.


    Set this to 1 if you want to use SSL-encrypted connections when
    talking to S3. Defaults to 0.

    How many seconds should your script wait before bailing on a request
    to S3? Defaults to 30.

    If this library should retry upon errors. This option is
    recommended. This uses exponential backoff with retries after 1, 2,
    4, 8, 16, 32 seconds, as recommended by Amazon. Defaults to off.

buckets Returns undef on error, else hashref of results

add_bucket Takes a hashref:

    The name of the bucket you want to add

acl_short (optional)
    See the set_acl subroutine for documenation on the acl_short options

location_constraint (option)
    Sets the location constraint of the new bucket. If left unspecified,
    the default S3 datacenter location will be used. Otherwise, you can
    set it to 'EU' for a European data center - note that costs are

Returns 0 on failure, Net::Amazon::S3::Bucket object on success

bucket BUCKET Takes a scalar argument, the name of the bucket you're creating

Returns an (unverified) bucket object from an account. Does no network

delete_bucket Takes either a Net::Amazon::S3::Bucket object or a hashref containing

    The name of the bucket to remove

Returns false (and fails) if the bucket isn't empty.

Returns true if the bucket is successfully deleted.

list_bucket List all keys in this bucket.

Takes a hashref of arguments:


    The name of the bucket you want to list keys on


    Restricts the response to only contain results that begin with the
    specified prefix. If you omit this optional argument, the value of
    prefix for your query will be the empty string. In other words, the
    results will be not be restricted by prefix.

    If this optional, Unicode string parameter is included with your
    request, then keys that contain the same string between the prefix
    and the first occurrence of the delimiter will be rolled up into a
    single result element in the CommonPrefixes collection. These
    rolled-up keys are not returned elsewhere in the response. For
    example, with prefix="USA/" and delimiter="/", the matching keys
    "USA/Oregon/Salem" and "USA/Oregon/Portland" would be summarized in
    the response as a single "USA/Oregon" element in the CommonPrefixes
    collection. If an otherwise matching key does not contain the
    delimiter after the prefix, it appears in the Contents collection.

    Each element in the CommonPrefixes collection counts as one against
    the MaxKeys limit. The rolled-up keys represented by each
    CommonPrefixes element do not. If the Delimiter parameter is not
    present in your request, keys in the result set will not be
    rolled-up and neither the CommonPrefixes collection nor the
    NextMarker element will be present in the response.

    This optional argument limits the number of results returned in
    response to your query. Amazon S3 will return no more than this
    number of results, but possibly less. Even if max-keys is not
    specified, Amazon S3 will limit the number of results in the
    response. Check the IsTruncated flag to see if your results are
    incomplete. If so, use the Marker parameter to request the next page
    of results. For the purpose of counting max-keys, a 'result' is
    either a key in the 'Contents' collection, or a delimited prefix in
    the 'CommonPrefixes' collection. So for delimiter requests, max-keys
    limits the total number of list results, not just the number of

    This optional parameter enables pagination of large result sets.
    "marker" specifies where in the result set to resume listing. It
    restricts the response to only contain results that occur
    alphabetically after the value of marker. To retrieve the next page
    of results, use the last key from the current page of results as the
    marker in your next request.

    See also "next_marker", below.

    If "marker" is omitted,the first page of results is returned.

Returns undef on error and a hashref of data on success:

The hashref looks like this:

        bucket          => $bucket_name,
        prefix          => $bucket_prefix, 
        common_prefixes => [$prefix1,$prefix2,...]
        marker          => $bucket_marker, 
        next_marker     => $bucket_next_available_marker,
        max_keys        => $bucket_max_keys,
        is_truncated    => $bucket_is_truncated_boolean
        keys            => [$key1,$key2,...]

Explanation of bits of that:

    If list_bucket was requested with a delimiter, common_prefixes will
    contain a list of prefixes matching that delimiter. Drill down into
    these prefixes by making another request with the prefix parameter.

    B flag that indicates whether or not all results of your query were
    returned in this response. If your results were truncated, you can
    make a follow-up paginated request using the Marker parameter to
    retrieve the rest of the results.

    A convenience element, useful when paginating with delimiters. The
    value of "next_marker", if present, is the largest (alphabetically)
    of all key names and all CommonPrefixes prefixes in the response. If
    the "is_truncated" flag is set, request the next page of results by
    setting "marker" to the value of "next_marker". This element is only
    present in the response if the "delimiter" parameter was sent with
    the request.

Each key is a hashref that looks like this:

        key           => $key,
        last_modified => $last_mod_date,
        etag          => $etag, # An MD5 sum of the stored content.
        size          => $size, # Bytes
        storage_class => $storage_class # Doc?
        owner_id      => $owner_id,
        owner_displayname => $owner_name

list_bucket_all List all keys in this bucket without having to worry about 'marker'. This is a convenience method, but may make multiple requests to S3 under the hood.

Takes the same arguments as list_bucket.





LICENSE This module contains code modified from Amazon that contains the following notice:

  #  This software code is made available "AS IS" without warranties of any
  #  kind.  You may copy, display, modify and redistribute the software
  #  code either by itself or as incorporated into your code; provided that
  #  you do not remove any proprietary notices.  Your use of this software
  #  code is at your own risk and you waive any claim against Amazon
  #  Digital Services, Inc. or its affiliates with respect to your use of
  #  this software code. (c) 2006 Amazon Digital Services, Inc. or its
  #  affiliates.

TESTING Testing S3 is a tricky thing. Amazon wants to charge you a bit of money each time you use their service. And yes, testing counts as using. Because of this, the application's test suite skips anything approaching a real test unless you set these three environment variables:

    Doesn't matter what you set it to. Just has to be set

    Your AWS access key

    Your AWS sekkr1t passkey. Be forewarned that setting this
    environment variable on a shared system might leak that information
    to another user. Be careful.

AUTHOR Leon Brocard [email protected] and unknown Amazon Digital Services programmers.

Brad Fitzpatrick <[email protected]> - return values, Bucket object

SEE ALSO Net::Amazon::S3::Bucket

Open Source Agenda is not affiliated with "Net Amazon S3" Project. README Source: acme/net-amazon-s3
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