Jak Project Save

Reviving the language that brought us the Jak & Daxter Series

Project README

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Please read first

Our repositories on GitHub are primarily for development of the project and tracking active issues. Most of the information you will find here pertains to setting up the project for development purposes and is not relevant to the end-user.

For questions or additional information pertaining to the project, we have a Discord for discussion here: https://discord.gg/VZbXMHXzWv

Additionally, you can find further documentation and answers to frequently asked questions on the project's main website: https://opengoal.dev

Do not use this decompilation project without providing your own legally purchased copy of the game.

Quick Start

If you just want to play the game, you can follow the steps in this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p8I9NfuZOgE

We do not distribute any assets from the game - you must use your own legitimately obtained PS2 copy of the game. We support every retail PAL, NTSC, and NTSC-J build, including Greatest Hits copies.

Project Description

This project is to port Jak 1 (NTSC, "black label" version) to PC. Over 98% of this game is written in GOAL, a custom Lisp language developed by Naughty Dog. Our strategy is:

  • decompile the original game code into human-readable GOAL code
  • develop our own compiler for GOAL and recompile game code for x86-64
  • create a tool to extract game assets into formats that can be easily viewed or modified
  • create tools to repack game assets into a format that our port uses.

Our objectives are:

  • make the port a "native application" on x86-64, with high performance. It shouldn't be emulated, interpreted, or transpiled.
  • Our GOAL compiler's performance should be around the same as unoptimized C.
  • try to match things from the original game and development as possible. For example, the original GOAL compiler supported live modification of code while the game is running, so we do the same, even though it's not required for just porting the game.
  • support modifications. It should be possible to make edits to the code without everything else breaking.

We support both Linux and Windows on x86-64.

We do not support, or plan to support the ARM architecture. This means that this will not run on devices such as an M1 Mac or a mobile device.

Current Status

Jak 1 is largely playable from start to finish with a handful of bugs that are continually being ironed out.

YouTube playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLWx9T30aAT50cLnCTY1SAbt2TtWQzKfXX

Methodology

To help with decompiling, we've built a decompiler that can process GOAL code and unpack game assets. We manually specify function types and locations where we believe the original code had type casts (or where they feel appropriate) until the decompiler succeeds, then we clean up the output of the decompiled code by adding comments and adjusting formatting, then save it in goal_src.

Our decompiler is designed specifically for processing the output of the original GOAL compiler. As a result, when given correct casts, it often produces code that can be directly fed into a compiler and works perfectly. This is continually tested as part of our unit tests.

Setting up a Development Environment

The remainder of this README is catered towards people interested in building the project from source, typically with the intention on contributing as a developer.

If this does not sound like you and you just want to play the game, refer to the above section Quick Start

Docker

All three Linux systems are supported using Docker.

Pick your supported prefered flavour of linux and build your chosen image

docker build -f docker/(Arch|Fedora|Ubuntu)/Dockerfile -t jak .

This will create an image with all required dependencies and already built.

docker run -v "$(pwd)"/build:/home/jak/jak-project/build -it jak bash

Note: If you change the content of the build/ directory you'll need to rerun the build command. Alternatively you can get the build via docker cp.

This will link your build/ folder to the images so can validate your build or test it on an external device.

Docker images can be linked into your IDE (e.g. CLion) to help with codesniffing, static analysis, run tests and continuous build.

Unfortunately you'll still need task runner on your local machine to run the game or instead, manually run the game via the commands found in Taskfile.yml.

Linux

Ubuntu (20.04)

Install packages and init repository:

sudo apt install gcc make cmake build-essential g++ nasm clang-format libxrandr-dev libxinerama-dev libxcursor-dev libpulse-dev libxi-dev python
sudo sh -c "$(curl --location https://taskfile.dev/install.sh)" -- -d -b /usr/local/bin

Compile:

cmake -B build && cmake --build build -j 8

Run tests:

./test.sh

Note: we have found that clang and lld are significantly faster to compile and link than gcc, generate faster code, and have better warning messages. To install these:

sudo apt install lld clang

and run cmake (in a fresh build directory) with:

cmake -DCMAKE_SHARED_LINKER_FLAGS="-fuse-ld=lld" -DCMAKE_EXE_LINKER_FLAGS="-fuse-ld=lld" -DCMAKE_C_COMPILER=clang -DCMAKE_CXX_COMPILER=clang++ ..

Arch

Install packages and init repository:

sudo pacman -S cmake libpulse base-devel nasm python libx11 libxrandr libxinerama libxcursor libxi
yay -S go-task

For Arch only, replace task with go-task in the rest of the instructions.

Compile:

cmake -B build && cmake --build build -j 8

Run tests:

./test.sh

Fedora

Install packages and init repository:

sudo dnf install cmake python lld clang nasm libX11-devel libXrandr-devel libXinerama-devel libXcursor-devel libXi-devel pulseaudio-libs-devel
sudo sh -c "$(curl --location https://taskfile.dev/install.sh)" -- -d -b /usr/local/bin

Compile with clang:

cmake -DCMAKE_SHARED_LINKER_FLAGS="-fuse-ld=lld" -DCMAKE_EXE_LINKER_FLAGS="-fuse-ld=lld" -DCMAKE_C_COMPILER=clang -DCMAKE_CXX_COMPILER=clang++ -B build
cmake --build build -j$(nproc)

Run tests:

./test.sh

Windows

Required Software

We primarily use Visual Studio on Windows for C++ development. Download the latest community edition from here. At the time of writing this is Visual Studio 2022.

You will require the Desktop development with C++ workload. This can be selected during the installation, or after via the Visual Studio Installer, modifying the Visual Studio Installation.

On Windows, it's recommended to use a package manager, we use Scoop. Follow the steps on the bottom of the homepage here to get it.

Once Scoop is installed, run the following commands:

scoop install git llvm nasm python task

Using Visual Studio

Clone the repository by running the following command in your folder of choice.

git clone https://github.com/open-goal/jak-project.git

This will create a jak-project folder, open the project as a CMake project via Visual Studio.

Then build the entire project as Windows Release (clang). You can also press Ctrl+Shift+B as a hotkey for Build All. We currently prefer clang on Windows as opposed to msvc, though it should work as well!

Building and Running the Game

Getting a running game involves 4 steps:

  1. Build C++ tools (follow Getting Started steps above for your platform)
  2. Extract assets from the game
  3. Build the game
  4. Run the game

Extract Assets

First, setup your settings so the following scripts know which game you are using, and which version. In a terminal, run the following:

task set-game-jak1
task set-decomp-ntscv1

Run task --list to see the other available options

At the time of writing, only Jak 1 is expected to work end-to-end!

The first step is to extract your ISO file contents into the iso_data/<game-name> folder. In the case of Jak 1 this is iso_data/jak1.

Once this is done, open a terminal in the jak-project folder and run the following:

task extract

Build the Game

The next step is to build the game itself. To do so, in the same terminal run the following:

task repl

You will be greeted with a prompt like so:

 _____             _____ _____ _____ __
|     |___ ___ ___|   __|     |  _  |  |
|  |  | . | -_|   |  |  |  |  |     |  |__
|_____|  _|___|_|_|_____|_____|__|__|_____|
      |_|
Welcome to OpenGOAL 0.8!
Run (repl-help) for help with common commands and REPL usage.
Run (lt) to connect to the local target.

g >

Run the following to build the game:

g > (mi)

Run the Game

Finally the game can be ran. Open a second terminal from the jak-project directory and run the following:

task boot-game

The game should boot automatically if everything was done correctly.

Connecting the REPL to the Game

Connecting the REPL to the game allows you to inspect and modify code or data while the game is running.

To do so, in the REPL after a successful (mi), run the following:

g > (lt)

If successful, your prompt should change to:

gc>

For example, running the following will print out some basic information about Jak:

gc> *target*
Running the Game Without Auto-Booting

You can also start up the game without booting. To do so run the following in one terminal

task run-game

And then in your REPL run the following (after a successful (mi)):

g > (lt)
[Listener] Socket connected established! (took 0 tries). Waiting for version...
Got version 0.8 OK!
[Debugger] Context: valid = true, s7 = 0x147d24, base = 0x2123000000, tid = 2438049

gc> (lg)
10836466        #xa559f2              0.0000        ("game" "kernel")

gc> (test-play)
(play :use-vis #t :init-game #f) has been called!
0        #x0              0.0000        0

gc>

Interacting with the Game

In the graphics window, you can use the period key to bring up the debug menu. Controllers also work, using the same mapping as the original game.

Check out the pc_debug, examples and pc folders under goal_src for some examples of GOAL code we wrote. The debug files that are not loaded automatically by the engine have instructions for how to run them.

Technical Project Overview

There are four main components to the project.

  1. goalc - the GOAL compiler for x86-64
  2. decompiler - our decompiler
  3. goal_src/ - the folder containing all OpenGOAL / GOOS code
  4. game - aka the runtime written in C++

Let's break down each component.

goalc

Our implementation of GOAL is called OpenGOAL.

All of the compiler source code is in goalc/. The compiler is controlled through a prompt which can be used to enter commands to compile, connect to a running GOAL program for interaction, run the OpenGOAL debugger, or, if you are connected to a running GOAL program, can be used as a REPL to run code interactively. In addition to compiling code files, the compiler has features to pack and build data files.

Running the compiler

Environment Agnostic

If you have installed task as recommended above, you can run the compiler with task repl

Linux

To run the compiler on Linux, there is a script scripts/shell/gc.sh.

Windows

On Windows, there is a scripts/batch/gc.bat scripts and a scripts/batch/gc-no-lt.bat script, the latter of which will not attempt to automatically attach to a running target.

decompiler

The second component to the project is the decompiler.

The decompiler will output code and other data intended to be inspected by humans in the decompiler_out folder. Files in this folder will not be used by the compiler.

Running the decompiler

You must have a copy of the PS2 game and place all files from the DVD inside a folder corresponding to the game within iso_data folder (jak1 for Jak 1 Black Label, etc.), as seen in this picture:

The decompiler will extract assets to the assets folder. These assets will be used by the compiler when building the port, and you may want to turn asset extraction off after running it once.

Environment Agnostic

If you have installed task as recommended above, you can run the compiler with task decomp

Linux

To run, you can use scripts/shell/decomp.sh to run the decompiler

Windows

To run, you can use scripts/shell/decomp-jak1.bat to run the decompiler

goal_src/

The game source code, written in OpenGOAL, is located in goal_src. All GOAL and GOOS code should be in this folder.

game runtime

The final component is the "runtime", located in game. This is the part of the game that's written in C++.

In the port, that includes:

  • The "C Kernel", which contains the GOAL linker and some low-level GOAL language features. GOAL has a completely custom dynamically linked object file format so in order to load the first GOAL code, you need a linker written in C++. Some low-level functions for memory allocation, communicating with the I/O Processor, symbol table, strings, and the type system are also implemented in C, as these are required for the linker. It also listens for incoming messages from the compiler and passes them to the running game. This also initializes the game, by initializing the PS2 hardware, allocating the GOAL heaps, loading the GOAL kernel off of the DVD, and executing the kernel dispatcher function. This is in the game/kernel folder. This should be as close as possible to the game, and all differences should be noted with a comment.
  • Implementation of Sony's standard library. GOAL code can call C library functions, and Naughty Dog used some Sony library functions to access files, memory cards, controllers, and communicate with the separate I/O Processor. The library functions are in game/sce. Implementations of library features specific to the PC port are located in game/system.
  • The I/O Processor driver, OVERLORD. The PS2 had a separate CPU called the I/O Processor (IOP) that was directly connected to the DVD drive hardware and the sound hardware. Naughty Dog created a custom driver for the IOP that handled streaming data off of the DVD. It is much more complicated than I first expected. It's located in game/overlord. Like the C kernel, we try to keep this as close as possible to the actual game.
  • Sound code. Naughty Dog used a third party library for sound called 989SND. Code for the library and an interface for it is located in game/sound.
  • PC specific graphics code. We have a functional OpenGL renderer and context that can create a game window and display graphics on it. The specific renderers used by the game however are mostly implemented. Aside from post-processing effects, everything in the game is rendered. This is located in game/graphics. While many liberties will be taken to make this work, the end result should very closely match the actual game.
  • Extra assets used by the port in some fashion, located in game/assets. These include extra text files, icons, etc.
Open Source Agenda is not affiliated with "Jak Project" Project. README Source: open-goal/jak-project
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