Statistical Distributions multi library wrapper. Uses Ruby by default and C (statistics2/GSL) or Java extensions where available.

Project README

Distribution is a gem with several probabilistic distributions. Pure Ruby is used by default, C (GSL) or Java extensions are used if available. Some facts:

- Very fast ruby 1.9.3+ implementation, with improved method to calculate factorials and other common functions.
- All methods tested on several ranges. See
`spec/`

. - Code for normal, Student's t and chi square is lifted from the statistics2 gem. Originally at this site.
- The code for some functions and RNGs was lifted from Julia's Rmath-julia, a patched version of R's standalone math library.

The following table lists the available distributions and the methods available for each one. If a field is marked with an *x*, that distribution doesn't have that method implemented.

Distribution | CDF | Quantile | RNG | Mean | Mode | Variance | Skewness | Kurtosis | Entropy | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

Uniform | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | x |

Normal | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | x |

Lognormal | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | ||

Bivariate Normal | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | ||

Exponential | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | ||

Logistic | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | ||

t-Student | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | ||

Chi Square | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | ||

Fisher-Snedecor | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | ||

Beta | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | ||

Gamma | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | ||

Weibull | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | ||

Binomial | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | ||

Poisson | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | ||

Hypergeometric | x | x | x | x | x | x | x | x |

```
$ gem install distribution
```

You can install GSL for better performance:

- For Mac OS X:
`brew install gsl`

- For Ubuntu / Debian:
`sudo apt-get install gsl`

After successfully installing the library:

```
$ gem install rb-gsl
```

You can find automatically generated documentation on RubyDoc.

```
# Returns Gaussian PDF for x.
pdf = Distribution::Normal.pdf(x)
# Returns Gaussian CDF for x.
cdf = Distribution::Normal.cdf(x)
# Returns inverse CDF (or p-value) for x.
pv = Distribution::Normal.p_value(x)
# API.
# You would normally use the following
p = Distribution::T.cdf(x)
# to get the cumulative probability of `x`. However, you can also:
include Distribution::Shorthand
tdist_cdf(x)
```

```
Distribution::<name>.(cdf|pdf|p_value|rng)
```

On discrete distributions, exact Ruby implementations of pdf, cdf and p_value could be provided, using

```
Distribution::<name>.exact_(cdf|pdf|p_value)
```

module Distribution::Shorthand provides (you guess?) shortands method to call all methods

```
<Distribution shortname>_(cdf|pdf|p|r)
```

On discrete distributions, exact cdf, pdf and p_value are

```
<Distribution shortname>_(ecdf|epdf|ep)
```

Shortnames for distributions:

- Normal: norm
- Bivariate Normal: bnor
- T: tdist
- F: fdist
- Chi Square: chisq
- Binomial: bino
- Hypergeometric: hypg
- Exponential: expo
- Poisson: pois
- Beta: beta
- Gamma: gamma
- LogNormal: lognormal
- Uniform: unif

This gem wasn't updated for a long time before I started working on it, so there are a lot of work to do. The first priority is cleaning the interface and removing cruft whenever possible. After that, I want to implement more distributions and make sure that each one has a RNG.

- Define a minimal interface for continuous and discrete distributions (e.g. mean, variance, mode, skewness, kurtosis, pdf, cdf, quantile, cquantile).
- Implement
`Distribution::Uniform`

with the default Ruby`Random`

. - Clean up the implementation of normal distribution. Implement the necessary functions.
- The same for Student's t, chi square, Fisher-Snedecor, beta, gamma, lognormal, logistic.
- The same for discrete distributions: binomial, hypergeometric, bernoulli (still missing), etc.

- Implement DSFMT for the uniform random generator.
- Cauchy distribution.

- Implementing everything in the distributions x functions table above.

- On JRuby and Rubinius, BivariateNormal returns incorrect pdf

For current issues see the issue tracker pages.

Everyone is welcome to help! Please, test these distributions with your own use cases and give a shout on the issue tracker if you find a problem or something is strange or hard to use. Documentation pull requests are totally welcome. More generally, any ideas or suggestions are welcome -- even by private e-mail.

If you want to provide a new distribution, run `lib/distribution`

:

```
$ distribution --new your_distribution
```

This should create the main distribution file, the directory with Ruby and GSL engines and specs on the spec/ directory.

Open Source Agenda is not affiliated with "Clbustos Distribution" Project. README Source: clbustos/distribution