Chvote Protocol Poc Save Abandoned

Electronic vote system, version 2 (prototype).

Project README

Prototype of an e-Voting protocol Build Status


This project is deprecated.

It has been used to test and design some elements of the new CHVote 2.0 system. The development of this CHVote 2.0 system has been halted in november 2018 while the developments were still going on. Nevertheless, the complete source code and documentation is published at

Table of contents


Project context

This prototype is being developed as a Proof of Concept for the protocol the eVoting group of the BFH (Berner Fachhochschule) is working on, in partnership with Canton Geneva.

The detailed specifications of the prototype are published along with this code. They are available on the Cryptology ePrint Archive.


This prototype consists of:

  • a backend (this repository), containing both
    • the full implementation of the protocol's algorithms
    • a simulation program, for an estimation of the performance of the protocol, and as an early verification proof of concept for the protocol
    • the required REST services to operate the frontend
  • a frontend (currently not published), with the following features
    • system initialization (creation of a set of authorities and their respective keys)
    • election administration (creation of an election operation)
    • a simulation of a printing authority (for the display of the code sheet to the voter)
    • electronic voting interface (used by the voters)
    • vote casting finalization, including decryption and tallying


See Concept.

Project status

Implementation status

See Implementation

Performance measurements

Some performance measurements can be found on Performance measurements.

Compiling and running


The following software needs to be installed to build and run the application:

  • Java (JDK 8 or more recent)
  • Gradle (optional, a wrapper is provided)


  • With gradle installed:

    • gradle build
  • Without gradle (Linux)

    • ./gradlew build
  • Without gradle (Windows)

    • .\gradlew build


The following instructions are to run the Simulation program, rather than the backend server, since the backend currently offers no interface for the core functionality.

The simulation program instantiates an election configuration, initializes the components and runs the whole protocol, from generation of secrets to the tallying of the results, using simulated voters.

  • With gradle installed:

    • gradle simulation
  • Without gradle (Linux)

    • ./gradlew simulation
  • Without gradle (Windows)

    • .\gradlew simulation

The simulation takes its parameters from environment variables. The possible parameters are:

  • secLevel
    • Allowed values: 0, 1 or 2. Those match the security levels described in chapter 8 of the specification
    • default: 1
  • electionType
    • SINGLE_VOTE: simple 1-out-of-3 election corresponding to a referendum (Yes-No-Blank)
    • SIMPLE_SAMPLE: two simple 1-out-of-3 elections, one 2-out-of-10 election, the latter one being available to 10% of the voters
    • GC_CE: one 7-out-of-36 election and one 100-out-of-576 (WARNING: not compatible with secLevel 1)
    • default: SIMPLE_SAMPLE
  • votersCount
    • The number of voters.
    • default: 100

For instance, to run a simulation on GC_CE with 100'000 voters (not recommended unless you have quite some time to kill), run the following command (or adapt it as explained above if you do not have gradle installed):

gradle simulation -DelectionType=GC_CE -DvotersCount=100000


CHVote is opensourced with the main purpose of transparency to build confidence in the system.

Contributions are also welcomed, either using pull requests or by submitting issues in github. The CHVote community manager will take care of those inputs, lead exchanges around them, and actions could take place according to their relevance, their criticality, and the CHVote development roadmap.

For this specific repository, since the code released will not be used as-is in production, we particularly welcome disscussion of the security of the protocol, so that the currently undergoing project can benefit from input at the earliest possible stage.

Pull request policies

We welcome pull requests on any branch of this project.


The code presented is not used in production, merely a Proof of Concept developed before the start of the main project. Therefore, security issues related to the code itself are welcome on pull requests or issues.

However, should you find issue with an impact on the protocol, we would rather take your comments on [email protected], so that we can analyze impact before taking the discussion to the public. We would appreciate getting two weeks notice to discuss the issue in-house and with our partners before taking the issue to the public.


CHVote components are released under AGPL 3.0.


The second generation of CHVote has been under active development in 2017 and 2018. The project has since been discontinued and will not be put into production. It aimed to provide end-to-end encryption with individual and universal verifiabilities. Its source code is published here:

Open Source Agenda is not affiliated with "Chvote Protocol Poc" Project. README Source: republique-et-canton-de-geneve/chvote-protocol-poc
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