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Contribution guide for my projects

Project README

Contribution Guide

Hey there! We are really excited that you are interested in contributing. This is a general contribution guide for most of Anthony's projects. Before submitting your contribution, please make sure to take a moment and read through the following guide:

👨‍💻 Repository Setup

We use pnpm for most of the projects, and maybe a few with yarn, we highly recommend you install ni so you don't need to worry about the package manager when switching across different projects.

We will use ni's commands in the following code snippets. If you are not using it, you can do the conversion yourself: ni = pnpm install, nr = pnpm run.

To set the repository up:

Step Command
1. Install Node.js, using the latest LTS -
2. Enable Corepack corepack enable
3. Install @antfu/ni npm i -g @antfu/ni
4. Install dependencies under the project root ni

💡 Commands

nr dev

Start the development environment.

If it's a Node.js package, it will start the build process in watch mode, or stub the passive watcher when using unbuild.

If it's a frontend project, it usually starts the dev server. You can then develop and see the changes in real time.

nr play

If it's a Node.js package, it starts a dev server for the playground. The code is usually under playground/.

nr build

Build the project for production. The result is usually under dist/.

nr lint

We use ESLint for both linting and formatting. It also lints for JSON, YAML and Markdown files if exists.

You can run nr lint --fix to let ESLint formats and lints the code.

Learn more about the ESLint Setup.

We don't use Prettier.

nr test

Run the tests. We mostly using Vitest - a replacement of Jest.

You can filter the tests to be run by nr test [match], for example, nr test foo will only run test files that contain foo.

Config options are often under the test field of vitest.config.ts or vite.config.ts.

Vitest runs in watch mode by default, so you can modify the code and see the test result automatically, which is great for test-driven development. To run the test only once, you can do nr test --run.

For some projects, we might have multiple types of tests set up. For example nr test:unit for unit tests, nr test:e2e for end-to-end tests. nr test commonly run them together, you can run them separately as needed.

nr docs

If the project contains documentation, you can run nr docs to start the documentation dev server. Use nr docs:build to build the docs for production.

nr

For more, you can run bare nr, which will prompt a list of all available scripts.

🙌 Sending Pull Request

Discuss First

Before you start to work on a feature pull request, it's always better to open a feature request issue first to discuss with the maintainers whether the feature is desired and the design of those features. This would help save time for both the maintainers and the contributors and help features to be shipped faster.

For typo fixes, it's recommended to batch multiple typo fixes into one pull request to maintain a cleaner commit history.

Commit Convention

We use Conventional Commits for commit messages, which allows the changelog to be auto-generated based on the commits. Please read the guide through if you aren't familiar with it already.

Only fix: and feat: will be presented in the changelog.

Note that fix: and feat: are for actual code changes (that might affect logic). For typo or document changes, use docs: or chore: instead:

  • fix: typo -> docs: fix typo

Pull Request

If you don't know how to send a Pull Request, we recommend reading the guide.

When sending a pull request, make sure your PR's title also follows the Commit Convention.

If your PR fixes or resolves an existing issue, please add the following line in your PR description (replace 123 with a real issue number):

fix #123

This will let GitHub know the issues are linked, and automatically close them once the PR gets merged. Learn more at the guide.

It's ok to have multiple commits in a single PR, you don't need to rebase or force push for your changes as we will use Squash and Merge to squash the commits into one commit when merging.

🧑‍🔧 Maintenance

This section is for maintainers with write access, or if you want to maintain your own forks.

Update Dependencies

Keeping dependencies up-to-date is one of the important aspects to keep projects alive and getting latest bug fixes on time. We recommend to update dependencies in weekly or bi-weekly intervals.

We use taze to update the dependencies manually most of the time. As deps updating bots like Dependabot or Renovate could be a bit annoying when you have a lot projects.

With taze, you can run taze major -Ir to check and select the versions to update interactive. -I stands for --interactive, -r stands for --recursive for monorepo.

After bumpping, we install them, runing build and test to verify nothing breaks before pushing to main.

Releasing

Before you do, make sure you have lastest git commit from upstream and all CI passes.

For most of the time, we do nr release. It will prompts a list for the target version you want to release. After select, it will bump your package.json and commit the changes with git tag, powered by bumpp.

There are two kinds of publishing setup, either of them are done by nr release already.

Build Locally

For this type of setup, the building and publishing process is done on your local machine. Make sure you have your local npm logged in before doing that.

In package.json, we usually have:

{
  "scripts": {
    "prepublishOnly": "nr build"
  }
}

So whenever you run npm publish, it will make sure you have the latest change in the distribution.

Build on CI

For complex projects that take long time to build, we might move the building and publishing process to CI. So it doesn't block your local workflow.

They will be triggered by the v prefixed git tag added by bumpp. The action is usually defined under .github/workflows/release.yml

When maintaining your own fork, you might need to see NPM_TOKEN secret to your repository for it to publish the packages.

Changelogs are always generated by GitHub Actions.

📖 References

Corepack

TL;DR

To enable it, run

corepack enable

You only need to do it once after Node.js is installed.

What's Corepack

Corepack makes sure you are using the correct version for package manager when you run corresponding commands. Projects might have packageManager field in their package.json.

Under projects with configuration as shown on the right, corepack will install v7.1.5 of pnpm (if you don't have it already) and use it to run your commands. This makes sure everyone working on this project have the same behavior for the dependencies and the lockfile.


package.json

{
  "packageManager": "[email protected]"
}

ESLint

We use ESLint for both linting and formatting with @antfu/eslint-config.

IDE Setup

We recommend using VS Code along with the ESLint extension.

With the settings on the right, you can have auto fix and formatting when you save the code you are editing.


VS Code's settings.json

{
  "editor.codeActionsOnSave": {
    "source.fixAll": false,
    "source.fixAll.eslint": true
  }
}

No Prettier

Since ESLint is already configured to format the code, there is no need to duplicate the functionality with Prettier. To format the code, you can run nr lint --fix or referring the ESLint section for IDE Setup.

If you have Prettier installed in your editor, we recommend you disable it when working on the project to avoid conflict.

🗒 Additional Info

In case you are interested in, here is Anthony's personal configrations and setups:

CLI Tools

  • ni - package manager alias
  • esno - TypeScript runner
  • taze - dependency updater
  • bumpp - version bumpper

In addition of ni, here is a few shell aliases to be even lazier:

alias d="nr dev"
alias b="nr build"
alias t="nr test"
alias tu="nr test -u"
alias p="nr play"
alias c="nr typecheck"
alias lint="nr lint"
alias lintf="nr lint --fix"
alias release="nr release"
Open Source Agenda is not affiliated with "Antfu Contribute" Project. README Source: antfu/contribute